Skip to main content
Menu Menu Close
Africa
Americas
Asia and the Pacific
Europe
Western Asia
Flag

Nicaragua

https://www.idea.int/democracytracker/

March 2024

Government restricts political expression in concerts

Through a ministerial decree, the Ortega Government has issued new restrictions to musical and artistic performances, which effectively bans political expression in concerts. The decree, Ministerial Agreement 05-2004, impedes both national and foreign performers from expressing or promoting ideas related to politics. It establishes the obligation of performers and producers to enlist in a registry and grants the Ministry of the Interior the ability to authorize or deny any production. Both the artistic community and Nicaraguan human rights defenders have decried the measure, and fear authorizations may be denied arbitrarily. 

Sources: Q’Hubo, El Pais 

January 2024

Bishop Alvarez and others released and expelled from Nicaragua

Bishop Rolando Alvarez, a political prisoner, was expelled from Nicaragua along with Bishop Isidoro Mora and 17 other priests and seminarians who had been imprisoned in December. Bishop Alvarez was convicted a year ago for treason, dissemination of fake news and undermining national integrity, and sentenced to 26 years imprisonment. He had refused to leave Nicaragua a year ago along with over two hundred political prisoners who were released, expelled to the United States and stripped of their nationality by the judiciary. Last year, Congress also passed a reform by which those declared traitors would be stripped of their nationalities.  

After the release, the Ortega government issued a statement revealing the coordination and agreement with the Holy See, and Vatican News subsequently confirmed the arrival of the members of the Catholic Church to Vatican City.  

Sources: Vatican NewsAssociated Press, El Pais , International IDEA

December 2023

Government expels the ICRC from Nicaragua

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) announced it was ending its humanitarian work in Nicaragua, at the request of the government. The government did not provide any reasoning regarding the expulsion publicly. The international organization’s mandate in the country was focused on “preventing and addressing the humanitarian consequences of deprivation of liberty”, providing training on international humanitarian law and human rights, and on providing support to the Nicaraguan Red Cross. The latter was dissolved in May by the Legislature and had its assets confiscated. The ICRC’s staff carried out visits to persons deprived of their liberty, including political prisoners, and also assisted in negotiations between government and opposition regarding the conditions and release of some of these political prisoners.

Sources: International Committee of the Red Cross, Infobae, El Pais, International IDEA

October 2023

Indigenous political party is abolished

Nicaragua’s electoral authority (Consejo Supremo Electoral, CSE) has cancelled the legal personality of the Yatama political party, an Indigenous party that mainly represents the Miskito people. The CSE’s relevant resolution did not provide an explanation for the decision. Yatama’s leader and sole member of Congress, Brooklyn Rivera, had been detained in previous days, as had his alternate, Nancy Elizabeth Henriquez, who also holds a leadership position in Yatama. In April, Rivera had also been denied entry to Nicaragua after attending a UN forum in which he had called attention to the invasion of Indigenous lands, stating he had been forced to enter the country through informal crossings along the border with Honduras. In addition, two community radio stations owned by Yatama were confiscated after authorities argued they were operating without the necessary permits.

According to Yatama, the Ortega government’s actions against the party aim to prevent it from participating in regional elections to be held in March, in Caribbean provinces where Yatama maintains considerable support.

Sources: Voz de America, The Guardian, Infobae   

See all event reports for this country

GSoD Indices Data 2014-2023

Chevron

Basic Information

Chevron
Population Tooltip
6 948 392
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Daniel Ortega (since 2007)
Head of government party
Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
53.9%
Women in upper chamber
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2021
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
2.15
Head of state
President Daniel Ortega
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
15/05/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
52.12%
Tooltip text

Human Rights Treaties

Chevron
State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
Tooltip text

Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Jan 2024
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun 2024
Representation neutral Rights
Jan 2024
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun 2024
Representation neutral Rule of law
Jan 2024
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun 2024
Representation neutral Participation
Jan 2024
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun 2024

Global State of Democracy Indices

Hover over the trend lines to see the exact data points across the years

Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

Use the slider below to see how democratic performance has changed over time

0 10