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Barbados

Monthly Updates

December 2022

The Barbados High Court issued a ruling on 12 December eradicating legislative prohibitions of consensual same-sex relations. Barbados is the third Caribbean nation to overthrow such colonial-era conservative laws and legalize homosexuality in 2022.  The abolished Sexual Offences Act of 1992 penalized with a life sentence those found guilty of engaging in same sex behaviour. While seldom invoked, the law’s wide definitions and ambiguous language gave place for prejudice and hate towards LGBTQIA+ people. It has been hailed as a landmark decision and significant step towards protecting the human rights of LGBTQIA+ people in Barbados and ensuring stigma-free access to services and positive inclusion in society.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
287 708
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Mia Mottley (since 2018)
Head of government party
Barbados Labour Party (BLP)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
First Past the Post
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
26.7%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
42.1%
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
1.72
Head of state
President Dame Sandra Mason
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
19/01/2018
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
46.72%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
No Action
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
No Action
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10