Skip to main content
Menu Menu Close
Africa
Americas
Asia and the Pacific
Europe
Western Asia
Flag

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Monthly Event Reports

February 2024 | Violence in east increases, as does international involvement
Watch flag

The level of violence in the long-running conflicts in the eastern states of the country increased considerably in the first two months of 2024. In February, the M23 rebel group advanced further towards the city of Goma, causing at least 135,000 people to flee, adding to the hundreds of thousands who have already been internally displaced. There were also credible reports that heavier weaponry, including surface-to-air missiles, rocket artillery, and armed drones, was being used in the conflict. Relations between the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda also deteriorated, suggesting that a further intensification of the conflict is possible in the coming months.

December 2023 | Felix Tshisekedi wins second term as President
Election flag

General elections (for members of local councils, the National Assembly and the president) were held on 20 December. The context included a lack of transportation infrastructure, violent conflict in the east, and many thousands of internally displaced persons. The voting period was extended in some locations by several days in an attempt to overcome logistical and procedural problems. The official results showed that incumbent President Felix Tshisekedi won re-election with 73.3 per cent of the valid votes. His party, Union for Democracy and Social Progress (Union pour la Démocratie et le Progrès Social, UDPS), won the most seats in the National Assembly, and together with its coalition partners will have a strong majority. Turnout was 41.0 per cent of those registered, down from 45.4 per cent in the last general election in 2018. Women continued to be underrepresented among the candidates for office. Only two of the 26 candidates for President were women, and less than one third of the 100,000 candidates for the various offices were women. Observers noted a large number of logistical and procedural problems, ranging from long delays in opening polling places, to fights, and even polling places that were ransacked or set on fire. Despite these problems, the Supreme Court dismissed appeals and confirmed the official result on 9 January 2024.

October 2023 | State of siege eased in North Kivu and Ituri despite continuing violence

As the Democratic Republic of the Congo prepares for a general election in December, President Felix Tshisekedi announced on 12 October that the state of siege that has been in place in North Kivu and Ituri provinces since 2021 would be eased. Specifically, while the state of siege will not be ended, the curfew has been lifted and peaceful demonstrations are permitted. These measures are part of a transitional process that will re-empower civilian authorities in the two provinces. However, the security situation which the state of siege was supposed to address has not improved.  

August 2023 | Congolese military massacred religious sect planning anti-MONUSCO protest

On 30 August, units of the Congolese military are reported to have killed as many as 56 members of a religious sect that was planning a protest against the United Nations peacekeeping mission MONUSCO in Goma. Followers of Natural Judaic and Messianic Faith Towards the Nations (often called Wazalendo) had gathered in a church to prepare for the protest despite an order from the city government the week before that had banned it. Both MONUSCO and the Congolese authorities cited threats of violence in the protest; other reports suggest that the group was planning an attack. However, the Congolese military’s pre-emptive and indiscriminate attack on the Wazalendo group was widely condemned. In early September, six soldiers (including two senior officers) were arrested and charged with crimes that include crimes against humanity for their role in the massacre. This latest massacre is one incident in a trend of increasing violence in the eastern provinces of the country, as the Congolese military and multi-national forces are engaged in armed confrontations with armed groups including the March 23 Movement and the Da’esh affiliated Allied Democratic Forces that have perpetrated atrocities against civilians.

Explore past monthly event reports

GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

Chevron

Basic Information

Chevron
Population Tooltip
92 377 990
System of government
Semi-Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde (since 2021)
Head of government party
Future of Congo
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
First Past the Post, List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
12.8%
Women in upper chamber
23.9%
Last legislative election
2018
Head of state
President Félix Tshisekedi
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
07/05/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
89.51%
Tooltip text

Human Rights Treaties

Chevron
State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Party
in
Tooltip text

Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rights
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rule of law
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Participation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024

Global State of Democracy Indices

Hover over the trend lines to see the exact data points across the years

Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

Use the slider below to see how democratic performance has changed over time

0 10