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Paraguay

https://www.idea.int/democracytracker/

February 2024

Opposition senator is expelled from Congress

Opposition senator, Kattya Gonzalez of the National Meeting Party was expelled from Congress and dismissed from her office due to allegations of misusing her position as a public official to unduly influence. Critics accuse the Senate of irregularities during the proceedings against her and have expressed concern over the weakening of opposition presence in Congress, where the ruling Colorado Party holds a majority. Gonzalez has stated she will appeal the decision, which she decried as fraudulent, and among critics of the ruling party is understood to be motivated by her denunciation of corruption and nepotism within the Colorado Party. 

Sources: CELAG, Cable News Network, The Guardian

April 2023

Paraguay holds general elections, with Santiago Peña elected President

Santiago Peña, from the ruling Colorado Party, won the presidential election held on 30 April. With an estimated voter turnout of 63.1 per cent (an increase of almost two percentage points in comparison to last presidential election), and 42.93 per cent of the votes cast, Peña defeated his closest challenger, Efrain Alegre, who represented a centre-left party.  Discussions around Paraguay’s diplomatic ties to Taiwan, which Peña vowed to maintain, and accusations of corruption by the United States against current President Horacio Cartes (a mentor of Peña, also from the Colorado Party), had marked a polarised race. Despite some partisan confrontations, international electoral observers found that the elections were held in orderly conditions.

Members of Congress and local leaders were also elected. Preliminary results indicate that the ruling party will maintain a lead in both chambers of Congress. Only around 30 per cent of candidates for Congress were women, and preliminary results point to a slight increase in women’s representation in the Senate to 22.6 per cent.

Sources: Agencia EFE, Organization of American States, European Union External Action, Ultima Hora, La Nacion

See all event reports for this country

GSoD Indices Data 2014-2023

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
6 780 744
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Santiago Peña (since 2023)
Head of government party
Colorado Party
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
23.8%
Women in upper chamber
24.4%
Last legislative election
2023
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
4.1
Head of state
President Santiago Peña
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
05/05/2021
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
96.19%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
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Representation neutral Rights
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Representation neutral Rule of law
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Representation neutral Participation
Dec 2023
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Global State of Democracy Indices

Hover over the trend lines to see the exact data points across the years

Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

Use the slider below to see how democratic performance has changed over time

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