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Paraguay

Monthly Event Reports

April 2023 | Paraguay holds general elections, with Santiago Peña elected President

Santiago Peña, from the ruling Colorado Party, won the presidential election held on 30 April. With an estimated voter turnout of 63.1 per cent (an increase of almost two percentage points in comparison to last presidential election), and 42.93 per cent of the votes cast, Peña defeated his closest challenger, Efrain Alegre, who represented a centre-left party.  Discussions around Paraguay’s diplomatic ties to Taiwan, which Peña vowed to maintain, and accusations of corruption by the United States against current President Horacio Cartes (a mentor of Peña, also from the Colorado Party), had marked a polarised race. Despite some partisan confrontations, international electoral observers found that the elections were held in orderly conditions. Members of Congress and local leaders were also elected. Preliminary results indicate that the ruling party will maintain a lead in both chambers of Congress. Only around 30 per cent of candidates for Congress were women, and preliminary results point to a slight increase in women’s representation in the Senate to 22.6 per cent.

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GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
7 219 640
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Santiago Peña (since 2023)
Head of government party
Colorado Party
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
23.8%
Women in upper chamber
24.4%
Last legislative election
2023
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
4.87
Head of state
President Santiago Peña
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
05/05/2021
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
96.19%
Population Tooltip
7 219 640
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Santiago Peña (since 2023)
Head of government party
Colorado Party
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
23.8%
Women in upper chamber
24.4%
Last legislative election
2023
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
4.87
Head of state
President Santiago Peña
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
05/05/2021
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
96.19%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
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Categories of Democratic Performance

Representation neutral Representation
Sep 2023
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Representation neutral Rights
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Representation neutral Rule of law
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Representation neutral Participation
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Global State of Democracy Indices

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Representation
Representation
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/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Annual value

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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