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Chad

Monthly Event Reports

February 2024 | Opposition politician killed by security forces

On 28 February, leader of the Socialist Party without Borders (Parti Socialiste Sans Frontières, PSF), Yaya Dillo Djerou died after a series of violent confrontations between his party and security forces. First, on 19 February, the PSF was accused of plotting to assassinate the president of the Supreme Court. A senior official in the PSF, Abakar Torabi, was accused of instigating that plot and was arrested by the internal intelligence services (Agence nationale de sécurité de l’État, ANSE). PSF supporters are alleged to have attacked the ANSE headquarters on 27 February. Finally, on 28 February the security services attacked the PSF headquarters, taking control of the facility after an intense exchange of gunfire. The PSF headquarters were later demolished. The exact circumstances of Dillo’s death are unclear; he may have been mortally wounded in the attack on ANSE on 27 February or killed at the PSF headquarters on 28 February. He was viewed as one of the main challengers to interim president Mahamat Idriss Déby Itno in the elections now scheduled for May.

January 2024 | Opposition politician appointed prime minister

On 1 January, the transitional government announced that opposition politician Succès Masra was appointed Prime Minister. The appointment came after Masra returned from self-imposed exile in November 2023, having reached an agreement with the government of Mahamat Idriss Déby that allowed him to resume political activities in the country. Masra is the leader of the Transformers party (Les Transformateurs) Along with his support for the ratification of the new constitution in December, joining the government has caused concern among other opposition parties, and even within the Transformers party. Mr. Masra has stated that he will continue to push for elections to take place.

December 2023 | New constitution ratified by referendum
Election flag

Chad completed a key step in its path to civilian government on 17 December when a new constitution was approved by referendum, with 85.9 per cent of those who voted (turnout was 62.9 per cent) supporting ratification. The referendum result was challenged in court by a coalition of opposition parties called the Bloc Fédéral, but the Supreme Court confirmed the official result on 29 December. The new constitution is in most regards very similar to the one that it replaces, maintaining a unitary state with a strong president. The vote follows a national dialogue on the constitution that took place earlier in the year, during which participants were notably split on the structure of the government and many supported a federal arrangement.

November 2023 | Amnesty granted to security forces for actions suppressing protests in October 2022

On 23 November, the military-led government of Chad granted an amnesty to the security forces covering their actions in suppressing protests that took place in October 2022. The government response to those protests resulted in at least 50 deaths (and possibly as many as 300) and the arrests of more than 600 people. The amnesty was approved by the National Transitional Council, an appointed body that is functioning as a legislature. The government suggested that this amnesty was an important step toward national reconciliation. However, it will also significantly impair accountability for the abuses that took place. The Chadian League for Human Rights (Ligue tchadienne des droits de l’Homme, LTDH) warned against enshrining a culture of impunity, and that reconciliation will require respect for the rule of law.

Explore past monthly event reports

GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
16 914 990
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Succès Masra (since 2024)
Head of government party
National Union for Democracy and Renewal (UNDR)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Not applicable
Women in lower or single chamber
Not applicable
Women in upper chamber
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2011
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
Not applicable
Head of state
President Mahamat Déby (de facto)
Selection process for head of state
Not applicable
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
13/11/2018
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
95.59%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
Signatory
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Party
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Oct 2023
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Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rights
Oct 2023
Nov
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Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rule of law
Oct 2023
Nov
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Jan
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Mar 2024
Representation neutral Participation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
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Mar 2024

Global State of Democracy Indices

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Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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