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Iran

Monthly Updates

December 2022

In an intensification of the state crackdown, the Islamic Republic in December introduced the use of death penalty against protesters arrested in connection with the demonstrations that erupted last September. Marking the fourth month of protests that pose one of the most serious challenges to Iran’s ruling theocracy, the authorities proceeded with the public execution of Mohsen Shekari and Majidreza Rahnavard. The judiciary has also sentenced eleven additional individuals to death and six more have been charged with crimes that are punishable by a death sentence. However, the exact number of people facing executions is difficult to verify. According to a report by Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO), as of 27 December, at least 100 people had been sentenced to death or charged with capital offences in connection with the protests in Iran.

November 2022

The wave of nationwide unrest sparked by the dead of Mahsa Amini in September continued for the third month. Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, ordered a stronger crackdown on protests. Enhanced efforts to silence demonstrations by Iran’s security forces followed this month with an increased presence across various regions, sustained violent clampdowns and intensified arrests. It was also revealed in November that the regime’s security forces have employed rape and sexual assault to suppress protesters. Nearly 14,000 Iranians have been arrested, including children. Human rights organizations estimate that more than 400 people have been killed. Iran's judiciary has further sentenced five protesters to death and stated more than 2,000 people who were arrested during the unrest will face trial.

October 2022

Nationwide uprisings sparked by the death of Mahsa Amini in September continued and intensified this month amid a brutal crackdown by the Iranian government. The death toll is estimated to have surpassed 200, together with more than 14,000 arrests. The protests have revealed deeply rooted discontent with the Islamic Republic regime as university students, school pupils, and prominent activists and lawyers joined marches against the government. The demonstrations have also received widespread international support and several governments introduced sanctions against Iranian officials responsible for the ongoing crackdown.

September 2022

A wave of mass protests broke out in Iran on 16 September in response to the detention and subsequent killing of a young Kurdish woman by the country’s morality police. Mahsa Amini was arrested for failing to properly comply with Iran’s mandatory hijab law. She suffered alleged beating at the hands of the security forces, leading to numerous injuries that caused her death later the same day. Her death fuelled nationwide outrage and protests that have resulted in at least 60 deaths and hundreds of arrests from the government’s violent clampdown, including a shutdown of the internet.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
85 028 760
System of government
Theocratic Republic
Head of government
President Ebrahim Raisi (since 2021)
Head of government party
Combatant Clergy Association
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Two-Round System
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
5.6%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2020
Head of state
Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election ('electoral college' - body elected for the express purpose)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
08/11/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
43.47%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
No Action
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
No Action
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
No Action
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
No Action
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
No Action
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10