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South Africa

Monthly Updates

November 2022

A report by an independent panel of legal experts commissioned by the National Assembly, has found that South African President Cyril Ramaphosa may have violated the constitution and anti-corruption laws by allegedly covering up the theft of large sums of money from his game farm in a scandal commonly referred to as ‘Farmgate’. Ramaphosa responded to the report (released on 30 November) by denying that he was guilty of any of the allegations made against him. The panel’s findings open up the possibility of impeachment proceedings being brought against the President by the National Assembly, the lower house of South Africa’s parliament, although legislators are not bound by the report. The commencement of such proceedings would require a simple majority in the National Assembly, where the President’s party, the African National Congress, holds 230 out of the 400 seats.  

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
60 041 996
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
President Cyril Ramaphosa (since 2018)
Head of government party
African National Congress (ANC)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
46.50%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
37.0%
Last legislative election
2019
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
2.58
Head of state
President Cyril Ramaphosa
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
10/05/2017
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
76.95%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
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