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Kazakhstan

Monthly Event Reports

January 2024 | Draft bill targets foreign correspondents
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Draft legislation introduced on 25 January would allow the Foreign Ministry to refuse foreign correspondents accreditation on undefined ‘national security’ grounds and introduce onerous registration requirements for online media. Online media will now have to maintain a physical office in the country and undergo mandatory registration, and unaccredited foreign media and correspondents will be banned from operating in the country. Of further concern is placing foreign accreditation solely under the purview of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, meaning refusals can be done without a court order or explanation and would not be subject to appeal. Domestic media and civil society and international press freedom watchdogs have urged parliament to reconsider.

November 2023 | Familiar results in ‘pilot’ local elections
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Three towns and 42 regional districts held gubernatorial elections for the first time in Kazakhstan’s history on 5 November. The “pilot” election process was the second and largest since the electoral code was changed to allow for direct elections in May 2021. The contested districts represent about eight per cent of the country’s population and turnout was officially 62.79 per cent. Local media and analysts reported that independent candidates were prevented from running and of numerous election and post-election irregularities. The ruling Amanat party won 37 of 45 races, and only two winners were not previously serving appointed officials. Ten of the 249 candidates were women, none of whom were elected.

October 2023 | Mining giant subsidiary nationalized after deadly blast

At least 46 miners died in a botched safety test at a coal mine owned by international conglomerate ArcelorMittal in Karaganda, Kazakhstan on 28 October, leading the Kazakh government to finalize the nationalization of the scandal-ridden enterprise. More than 100 official deaths and constant accusations of disregard for worker safety and environmental degradation at ArcelorMittal facilities have been recorded over the past 15 years, with observers saying Kazakh authorities feared pressing the company would lead to the sorts of costly and drawn-out international lawsuits the country is engaged in over similar harms in its oil industry.

August 2023 | Wounds of Qandy Qantar remain untreated

Criminal trials against those who took part in Kazakhstan’s January 2022 ‘Qandy Qantar’ (Bloody January) unrest continue, with lawyers and human rights activists protesting a lack of evidence, procedural violations, the prosecution of individuals who died in the unrest, widespread torture of detainees, and the investigation’s lack of independence from the executive. Foreign and independent researchers have not been permitted to participate in investigatory processes, and relatives of Kazakhs who died during the unrest say their cases have been dismissed or classified without investigation.

Explore past monthly event reports

GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
19 002 590
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Oljas Bektenov (since 2024)
Head of government party
Amanat
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
27.4%
Women in upper chamber
18.8%
Last legislative election
2021
Head of state
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
07/11/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
87.35%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
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Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rights
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Representation neutral Rule of law
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Representation neutral Participation
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Global State of Democracy Indices

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Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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