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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Monthly Updates

December 2022

The state presidency elected Borjana Kristo as the Chair of the Council of Ministers, making her poised to become Bosnia and Herzegovina’s first female head of government. A multi-ethnic coalition agreement was also endorsed in only three months, a feat which took over a year following the 2018 elections. The coalition includes Kristo’s Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) party and the Serb nationalist party, Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD), led by the pro-Russian Milorad Dodik. It excludes the Bosniak nationalist party, Party of Democratic Action (SDA), for the first time since 2014, as opposition parties joined forces to mount a challenge. This cracked the door open for civic and multi-ethnic parties at the state level, including Our Party, which seeks to reverse the historical emphasis on nationalist parties in the political system and enters the national government for the first time. Kristo has emphasised a focus on every day economic issues, and has urged respect for the diversity and rights of each of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s constituent peoples.

November 2022

The Council of Europe Group of Experts on Action against Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (GREVIO) produced its first evaluative report on Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)’s compliance with the Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (known as the Istanbul Convention). While GREVIO praised BiH for ratifying the Convention and passing legislative and policy measures to tackle forced genital mutilation, forced sterilization, forced marriage, stalking and sexual harassment, it identified areas that require “urgent action.”  GREVIO found that other forms of violence against women, beyond domestic violence, are not as comprehensively addressed by legislation or policy, and that the issues which are addressed in legislation and policy are not always implemented.

October 2022

On 2 October citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina voted in general elections, recording a low voter turnout of 51.5 per cent. As votes were still being counted, the Office of the High Representative (OHR), an international body set up at the end of the Bosnian War in 1995, enacted changes to the constitutional and electoral law of the Federation. The OHR was able to impose the changes in the exercise of the Bonn powers accorded to the Office in 1997. The timing of the move was widely criticized. The OHR had earlier announced part of the reform package in July 2022, following protracted debate and deadlock between political parties. According to the OHR, the new measures aim to alleviate gridlock in key institutions and to give ethnic minorities, beyond the country’s three constituent peoples, greater political representation. Milorad Dodik faced allegations of vote-rigging in his bid for President of Republika Srpska, amid wider election fraud complaints brought by the opposition, and was declared the winner on 27 October, further to a recount. 

September 2022

The main server of the Parliament was shut down for several weeks due to a cyberattack, disabling the official website and email capabilities. The attack, registered on 9 September, damaged the transparency of the work of the government and disrupted the work of lawmakers. The event follows earlier instances of cyberattacks on institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the region. 

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
3 263 460
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Zoran Tegeltija (since 2019)
Head of government party
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
26.2%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
20.0%
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
10.68
Head of state
Chairperson of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Željka Cvijanović, Denis Bećirović, Željko Komšić
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
13/11/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
98.55%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Moderate risk of democratic breakdown Moderate risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Moderate risk of democratic backsliding Moderate risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
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