Haiti’s authorities regained control of the country’s main oil terminal and seaports, ending a two-month blockade. This was a result of negotiations between acting Prime Minster Ariel Henry's administration and gang leader Jimmy “Barbecue” Cherizier who had been holding the infrastructure hostage, triggering fuel shortages and restricting the flow of essential goods and services. Nevertheless, the humanitarian crisis continues in the country amid surging gang violence and targeted attacks against members of the media. Against this backdrop, the United States and Canada imposed a number of sanctions targeted at senior Haitian politicians linked to drug trafficking and financing gangs. The sanctions seek to tackle Haiti’s history of patronage between political parties and violent gangs.
The political and humanitarian crisis in Haiti deepens as anti-government protests continue, following intensified violence and unrest, gang blockades of the country’s main fuel source in Port-Au-Prince, and ensuing shortages of water, food, medical supplies, and hospitals without power. Haiti’s Health Ministry reported a new cholera outbreak on 2 October. This deterioration and exacerbated gang violence prompted PM Ariel Henry to call for a foreign armed intervention to stabilize the country. While the request has been considered by the United Nations and the Organization of American States, Haiti’s tense history of international interventions has left many doubtful of such missions, prompting protests. On 21 October, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution establishing a sanctions regime to target individuals and entities that target peace and stability. The unanimous resolution was welcomed by the Haitian representative.
The situation in Haiti continues to deteriorate sharply following last year’s assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. Anti-government protests that broke out last August, demanding the resignation of Haiti’s caretaker prime minister, Ariel Henry, have intensified and turned violent. In response to the government’s decision to end fuel subsidies, which prompted a sharp rise in prices, public anger has increased.
Impending political and humanitarian crises loom in Haiti as gang violence and extreme poverty challenge the country. Public anger regarding gang violence and insecurity has escalated since last year’s assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. Discontent has also been fuelled by food insecurity stemming from the impact of the violence on supply chains, food prices and soaring inflation. Mass demonstrations broke out in August across the country. Protesters blame Prime Minister Ariel Henry for the high cost of living and widespread gang violence and are calling for his resignation, which has resulted in violent behaviour and deaths.