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Haiti

Monthly Updates

November 2022

Haiti’s authorities regained control of the country’s main oil terminal and seaports, ending a two-month blockade. This was a result of negotiations between acting Prime Minster Ariel Henry's administration and gang leader Jimmy “Barbecue” Cherizier who had been holding the infrastructure hostage, triggering fuel shortages and restricting the flow of essential goods and services. Nevertheless, the humanitarian crisis continues in the country amid surging gang violence and targeted attacks against members of the media. Against this backdrop, the United States and Canada imposed a number of sanctions targeted at senior Haitian politicians linked to drug trafficking and financing gangs. The sanctions seek to tackle Haiti’s history of patronage between political parties and violent gangs.

October 2022
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The political and humanitarian crisis in Haiti deepens as anti-government protests continue, following intensified violence and unrest, gang blockades of the country’s main fuel source in Port-Au-Prince, and ensuing shortages of water, food, medical supplies, and hospitals without power. Haiti’s Health Ministry reported a new cholera outbreak on 2 October. This deterioration and exacerbated gang violence prompted PM Ariel Henry to call for a foreign armed intervention to stabilize the country. While the request has been considered by the United Nations and the Organization of American States, Haiti’s tense history of international interventions has left many doubtful of such missions, prompting protests. On 21 October, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution establishing a sanctions regime to target individuals and entities that target peace and stability. The unanimous resolution was welcomed by the Haitian representative.

September 2022

The situation in Haiti continues to deteriorate sharply following last year’s assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. Anti-government protests that broke out last August, demanding the resignation of Haiti’s caretaker prime minister, Ariel Henry, have intensified and turned violent. In response to the government’s decision to end fuel subsidies, which prompted a sharp rise in prices, public anger has increased.

August 2022

Impending political and humanitarian crises loom in Haiti as gang violence and extreme poverty challenge the country. Public anger regarding gang violence and insecurity has escalated since last year’s assassination of President Jovenel Moïse. Discontent has also been fuelled by food insecurity stemming from the impact of the violence on supply chains, food prices and soaring inflation. Mass demonstrations broke out in August across the country. Protesters blame Prime Minister Ariel Henry for the high cost of living and widespread gang violence and are calling for his resignation, which has resulted in violent behaviour and deaths.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
11 541 680
System of government
Semi-Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Ariel Henry (since 2021)
Head of government party
Independent
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Two-Round System
Last legislative election
2016
Head of state
Prime Minister Ariel Henry
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
31/01/2022
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Signatory
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Signatory
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
Signatory
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Signatory
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
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Oct
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
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