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Cuba

Monthly Updates

December 2022

A new Penal Code that activists and human rights organizations warn could further limit fundamental rights, entered into force in Cuba. The new criminal code replaces legislation dating back to 1987 and could be used by Cuban authorities to reprimand dissent more easily. It includes a provision that allows anyone who “endangers the constitutional order and normal functioning” of the government to be punished with prison sentences. It also prohibits the receipt and use of funds made to finance activities “against the Cuban state and its constitutional order,” which human rights groups say could be used against independent journalists and NGOs

November 2022

On 27 November Cubans went to the polls to elect over 11,500 delegates to municipal assemblies. The elections took place at a critical moment for the country, which is facing a grave economic crisis and increasingly deteriorating living conditions. According to government figures, Cuba saw the highest abstention rate (31.5 per cent) in local elections since at least 1976. The sharp drop in voter turnout, in elections that are not competitive, with only one party on the ballot, followed calls from Cuba’s opposition to refrain from voting in protest of the administration of Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel.

October 2022

Hurricane Ian (a category 3 hurricane) made landfall in Cuba at the end of September 2022, collapsing the country’s entire electricity system and causing severe damage to housing, agriculture and telecoms services. The extent of Ian’s impact led the Cuban government to make a rare request for emergency assistance from the American government. From September and throughout October, Cubans have taken to the streets to protest the lack of power, which in turn has heightened concerns over food, fuel and medicine shortages, and the government’s slow response to the disaster. On top of the blackouts, the Cuban regime has shut down Internet service throughout the country, adding to public anger and frustration. According to some local activists, as governance continues to deteriorate, the government's response to demonstrations of popular discontent has focused on their repression.  

September 2022

The government of Cuba led by President Miguel Díaz-Canel announced a new ‘family code’, in which same-sex marriage is legalized; the measure was approved in a referendum. Cuba is the latest country in Latin America to approve marriage equality (following Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Uruguay, Ecuador, Costa Rica, and Mexico). The LGBTQIA+ community has underscored the historic nature of the referendum results.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
11 317 500
System of government
Communist Party-Led State
Head of government
Prime Minister Manuel Marrero Cruz (since 2019)
Head of government party
Communist Party of Cuba
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Two-Round System
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
53.4%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2018
Head of state
President Miguel Díaz-Canel
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
16/05/2018
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
66.08%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Signatory
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Signatory
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
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