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Nepal

Monthly Updates

November 2022

On 20 November, the Nepali general election returned a hung parliament that analysts say means a continuation of the political instability that has led Nepal to have thirty governments in the past thirty years. The ruling Nepali Congress and the opposition Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist Leninist received the most and second-most votes, respectively, but neither has a large enough mandate to govern without gaining the support of several coalition parties.  The election day and campaign were mostly peaceful, but some minor irregularities were reported. The campaign was criticized for a lack of choice and representation of marginalized groups, and voter turnout was the lowest since 2008.

September 2022

President Bidya Devi Bhandari refused to ratify proposed amendments to a Citizenship Bill passed by parliament for the second time, despite lacking constitutional grounds to do so, raising fears of a constitutional crisis. The bill provides access to citizenship and voting rights to 500,000 stateless and foreign Nepalis who are currently denied it, such as children with unknown parentage, and has been a hotly contested political issue for several years. The case is now before the Supreme Court.  

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
29 674 920
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba (since 2021)
Head of government party
Nepali Congress
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Parallel
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
33.6%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
37.3%
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
4.12
Head of state
President Bidya Devi Bhandari
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly + regional/local representatives)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
21/01/2021
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
84.12%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
No Action
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10