June 2023 | Chamber of Deputies approves reforms paving way for revised Constitution
Legislative amendments were approved to comply with planned constitutional changes, which entered into force on 1 July 2023. The amendments expand voting rights for people with disabilities, allowing adults under guardianship (previously excluded from the right to vote) to participate in local, legislative and European Parliament elections. The changes also make it possible for these citizens, as well as voters with mental deficiencies, to be accompanied in the voting booth, previously only possible for physically infirm or visually impaired citizens. Separately, the law on parliamentary inquiries was adapted to account for constitutional amendments allowing a commission of inquiry to be established at the request of one third of deputies, geared towards anticipating problems the commissions may encounter in practice. A third law was approved to govern the Chamber of Deputies’ processing of legislative initiatives proposed by citizens, a right granted by the revised constitution.
December 2022 | Constitutional reforms pass the Chamber of Deputies
Lawmakers voted to approve four proposals to amend the constitution by a large majority. The constitutional amendments were originally tabled in 2009 and were subsequently divided into four chapters covering judicial independence; organisation of the state, the monarchy, the government and religious communities; rights and freedoms (extending from the right to personal integrity to the right of asylum); and the Parliament and the Council of State. Prime Minister Xavier Bettel hailed the amendments as a significant step towards updating and modernising the constitution. The new constitution is planned to come into force in the summer of 2023. The reforms would reflect the reduced role of the Grand Duke, which is today largely ceremonial, in Luxembourg’s institutional practice, and seeks to strengthen parliamentary oversight mechanisms and reinforce judicial independence.