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Guinea

Monthly Event Reports

December 2023 | Media regulator forces multiple broadcasters off the air

Media freedom and access to information in Guinea deteriorated further in December as the High Authority for Communication (Haute Autorite de la Communication, HAC) moved against three television channels and two radio channels. Citing national security, the HAC forbade the distribution of the television channels Djoma, Evasion and Espace through cable networks. FM radio broadcasts from Evasion and Espace are reportedly being jammed. Another private radio station, Ndimba, was informed that its broadcast license would be withdrawn for failing to pay annual fees (a charge that the station’s director denies). Meanwhile, social media platforms WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, X, and TikTok have been inaccessible from Guinean IP addresses since the end of November. On 29 December, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Türk called on the Guinean government to reverse these measures and uphold freedom of expression.

October 2023 | Journalists protesting media censorship arrested

Since August, the military junta ruling Guinea has made it impossible to access the online media outlet Guinée Matin from inside the country. (It remains online and accessible with a VPN.) On 16 October, the Guinea Press Professionals Union (Syndicat des Professionnels de la Presse de Guinée, SPPG) organized a protest against the junta’s censorship of the outlet, in spite of a ban on demonstrations in effect since May 2022. The police forcefully supressed the protest, using teargas to disperse the assembly and arresting as many as 13 of the journalists who participated.

May 2023 | Protests against junta met with violence

During protests against the ruling military junta and the slow pace of transition to civilian rule in Guinea on 10 and 11 May, violent confrontations broke out between demonstrators and security forces. Protestors threw stones, erected barricades, and set fires in the street. The police response included shooting at the demonstrators. Local CSOs report that seven people were killed and another 32 were wounded by gunfire. They claim that a further 56 people were arrested. A police spokesperson has said that the number of deaths reported by CSOs was incorrect.

February 2023 | Two killed, dozens injured in violent protest against junta

On 15 February, a demonstration against the slow pace of a transition to civilian government in Guinea’s capital Conakry was met with violence. (In late 2022 the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and junta leaders agreed on a 24-month process that began in January 2023.) After demonstrators blockaded several roads and pelted police with stones, security forces responded with tear gas and gunfire. Two young men, aged 16 and 18, were killed by gunshots. Dozens of others were injured, and as many as 47 people were reported to have been arrested. The country is in the early stages of a transition to civilian government that is planned to last until January 2025. The military junta has banned all protests in the country from May 2022 until an electoral process begins.

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GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
13 497 240
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Bernard Gomou (since 2022)
Head of government party
Independent
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Parallel
Women in lower or single chamber
29.6%
Women in upper chamber
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2020
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
1.93
Head of state
President Mamady Doumbouya (de facto)
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
21/01/2020
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
95.31%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Party
in
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Oct 2023
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Representation neutral Rights
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Representation neutral Rule of law
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Representation neutral Participation
Oct 2023
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Global State of Democracy Indices

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Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
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/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
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high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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