Skip to main content
Menu Menu Close
Africa
Americas
Asia and the Pacific
Europe
Western Asia
Flag

Brazil

Monthly Event Reports

February 2024 | Police carry out operation related to 8 January “attempted coup”
Watch flag

On 8 February, federal police arrested four people and executed 33 search warrants, targeting allies of former President Jair Bolsonaro. The operation was authorized by Brazil’s Supreme Court as part of an inquiry into the 8 January storming of government buildings. Bolsonaro himself was requested to hand over his passport during the inquiry. So far, the investigation into 8 January had only resulted in the trial and conviction of citizens who broke into government buildings, but the current investigation targets Bolsonaro and close allies as organizers of the “attempted coup”.  Weeks later, on 25 February, Bolsonaro participated in a public act in which he denied the accusations against him, with tens of thousands of protesters showing up to express their support. 

December 2023 | Law that enshrines the restrictive “marco temporal” thesis is approved

Congress approved legislation that enshrines the “marco temporal” thesis, a controversial doctrine that restricts the claims that Indigenous Peoples can make to their lands, if these were not physically occupied by them in 1988. In doing so, it overrode a presidential veto by a wide majority. In September, Brazil’s Supreme Court had sided with the Indigenous Xokleng community in a case brought by Santa Catarina state, determining that the “marco temporal” thesis had no basis in the constitution. Activists worry that the entry into force of the law will make Indigenous territories susceptible to extractive activities and infrastructure works that will imperil the sustainability of their resources. They have further announced their intention to challenge the constitutionality of the law before the Supreme Court, expressing hope that the high court will maintain its previous precedent.

November 2023 | A deterioration in security leads the government to militarize ports and airports

A significant increase in violence from organized crime, particularly that related to drug-trafficking and contraband, has led President Luiz Inacio Lula Da Silva to issue a decree through which thousands of military personnel will be deployed to ports and airports in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Lula has stated these measures are temporary and will last through May; members of the military will coordinate with federal police. In the past weeks, violence in Rio has reached extraordinary levels, including 35 buses being set on fire by criminal groups, in retaliation for the killing of a crime boss by police. Although the current measure does not foresee military deployment to favelas, as Lula has stated he does not want the armed forces to patrol there, analysts have stressed that violence is increasing, with reports of training of gang members and paramilitaries taking place within these enclaves.

October 2023 | Congressional inquiry recommends that Bolsonaro face criminal charges

Former President Jair Bolsonaro and allies, including former cabinet members, were accused by a legislative committee of participating in crimes related to the 8 January 2023 riots.  This congressional committee issued its report on 18 October, after nearly five months of public hearings and testimony. The report characterised the 8 January events as a premeditated coup attempt and recommended that the Attorney General charge Bolsonaro with the crimes of political violence, criminal association, abolition of the rule of law, and an attempted coup. The Congressional committee cannot itself charge the former President.  A separate federal investigation into Bolsonaro’s role in the 8 January events is currently underway.

Explore past monthly event reports

GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

Chevron

Basic Information

Chevron
Population Tooltip
214 326 223
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (since 2023)
Head of government party
Workers' Party (PT)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
17.5%
Women in upper chamber
18.5%
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
12.34
Head of state
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
05/05/2017
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
98.37%
Tooltip text

Human Rights Treaties

Chevron
State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
No Action
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
Tooltip text

Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rights
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rule of law
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Participation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024

Global State of Democracy Indices

Hover over the trend lines to see the exact data points across the years

Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

Use the slider below to see how democratic performance has changed over time

0 10