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Montenegro

Monthly Event Reports

January 2024 | Parliament appoints Supreme State Prosecutor

The parliament appointed legal expert Milorad Markovic as the new Supreme State Prosecutor, filling a position that had been temporarily handled by three interim prosecutors since June 2021. Markovic was elected with the votes of both ruling and opposition parties. The appointment of the State Prosecutor was among the conditions outlined to accelerate reforms for EU membership, and was highlighted in the 2023 EU progress report.

June 2023 | Europe Now Movement wins snap parliamentary elections

The centrist Europe Now Movement has come first in the snap parliamentary elections, winning 25.5 per cent of the vote. These are the first elections in 30 years in which Milo Đukanović, the longest-ruling leader in contemporary Europe has not participated (following his loss in presidential elections in April). Đukanović held key positions for over 31 years, including as a president and prime minister. The coalition led by his party, the Democratic Party of Socialists, received 23.2 per cent of the vote, while the pro-Serbian electoral alliance “For the Future of Montenegro” garnered 14.7 per cent. Outgoing Prime Minister Dritan Abazović’s green-conservative coalition of United Reform Action and Democratic Montenegro won 12.5 per cent of the vote.  The party has promised reforms on EU membership and the economy, including increases in average wages. International observers deemed the elections well-run, but emphasized the need for electoral reforms due to gaps and inconsistencies on the election law, which has not been updated since 2014. Voter turnout was the lowest since 1990, dropping to 56.3 per cent, a notable decrease from 76.7 per cent in 2020.

April 2023 | Landmark presidential runoff: Longstanding Đukanović suffers defeat from novice Milatović

Jakov Milatović of the Europe Now movement has won the presidential runoff election in Montenegro with 60 per cent of the vote, defeating longstanding incumbent Milo Đukanović, who has been a key actor in Montenegro’s politics for more than three decades, including as a prime minister and as a president.  Although the presidency is a largely ceremonial position in Montenegro, the results signal the boost of Milatović’s center-right movement ahead of June’s parliamentary elections. Milatović, a former economy minister, campaigned on an anti-corruption and EU membership platform. Milatović received support from parties close to Serbia, Russia and the Orthodox Church. Voter turnout was 70.1 per cent, a record high as compared to other previous presidential elections. The turnout in the 2018 elections was 63.9 per cent.

March 2023 | Investigation spotlights police links with criminal groups

A large-scale investigation into organised crime has revealed ties between police and criminal groups and led to the government sacking police director, Zoran Brdjanin. Police assistant director, Dejan Knezevic, who was in charge of the fight against organized crime, was arrested for alleged links with the notorious Kavac drug group and for the creation of a criminal organization. The move comes following years of organized crime driven by gang violence and allegations that these groups have links with elite and government figures. Outgoing Prime Minister Dritan Abazović said that organized crime groups influenced the vote of no confidence to oust him, following increased raids for drugs and smuggled cigarettes leading to the biggest seizure of cocaine in the Balkans (1.4 tonnes). The Special State Prosecutor Sasa Cadjenovic was charged with protecting gang members, and Vesna Medenica, the head of the Supreme Court for 17 years, was charged for abuse of office and covering her son’s alleged illegal dealings with cocaine and cigarettes.

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GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
619 211
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Milojko Spajić
Head of government party
Europe Now Movement (PES)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber
27.2%
Women in upper chamber
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2023
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
4.85
Head of state
President Jakov Milatović
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
08/05/2023
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
94.08% (2018)
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Signatory
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Oct 2023
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Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rights
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Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rule of law
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Mar 2024
Representation neutral Participation
Oct 2023
Nov
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Mar 2024

Global State of Democracy Indices

Hover over the trend lines to see the exact data points across the years

Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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