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Montenegro

Monthly Updates

August 2022

Dritan Abazović’s coalition government fell after a vote of no-confidence was called by the coalition parties following an agreement Abazović signed with the Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC). The controversial agreement regulates the SOC’s position in the country, enabling its ownership over land and properties, including monasteries that are claimed by the Montenegrin Orthodox Church (which remained under the SOC following Montenegro’s separation from Serbia in 2006). This raised fears that the SOC is getting too much power compared to other religious groups and that this could increase Serbia’s and Russia’s influence in Montenegro. The agreement caused protests, was deemed unconstitutional by the Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) and was especially opposed by pro-Western groups, exposing divisions between those who identify as Montenegrins and those who identify as pro-Russian Serbs.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
620 170
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Dritan Abazović (since 2022)
Head of government party
United Reform Action
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
27.2%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2020
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
3.96
Head of state
President Milo Đukanović
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
22/01/2018
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
94.08%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Signatory
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Moderate risk of democratic breakdown Moderate risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Moderate risk of democratic backsliding Moderate risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10