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Argentina

Monthly Updates

December 2022

Confrontation between Argentina's Executive power and the Judiciary continued as Vice-President Cristina Fernández was sentenced to six years in prison and a lifetime ban from holding public office in the ‘Vialidad’ corruption case. The government criticised the ruling, on the eve of which President Alberto Fernández delivered a national broadcast that sought to discredit the judiciary.  Moreover, a potential constitutional crisis appeared to be developing after the federal Frente de Todos (FdT) coalition government led by President Alberto Fernández said it would not comply with a Supreme Court ruling on a tax revenue dispute in the city of Buenos Aires.

October 2022

Argentina’s federal security forces evicted several Mapuche families from a territory considered sacred by the Indigenous community. Community members had inhabited the areas while demonstrating for better treatment of Indigenous Peoples in the country – part of a long-time struggle by the Mapuche for recognition of their language and cultural heritage, as well as for better economic treatment from the government. The event highlights an escalation in the government’s pressure on the Mapuche community to force them off the lands they claim, as well as the discrimination they continue to face. The operation (ordered by President Alberto Fernández’s government) was widely criticized as arbitrary and as contrary to the Mapuche community's human rights. In protest, Argentina’s minister for women, gender, and diversity, Elizabeth Gómez Alcorta, resigned and expressed her opposition to the operation.

September 2022

The investigation into the assassination attempt of Argentina’s Vice President Cristina Fernández has shone a light on worrying radical groups that have emerged in Argentina out of hatred of the political class. This highlights how aggressive and radicalized politics has become in Latin America. The case has triggered further criticism from the government against the judiciary and media, which, it argues, is biased against Peronism. Some analysts see the attack as a step beyond political polarization, representing general disenchantment with politics as a whole rather than with a specific political position. They argue that mistrust and loss of legitimacy of the institutions of democracy are leading to anger with politicians, highlighting the importance for leading political figures to seek conciliation rather than stoke division.

August 2022

A federal prosecutor requested that Vice President Cristina Fernández be sentenced to 12 years imprisonment and be banned from public office for corruption in the ‘Vialidad’ case, in which she is accused of rigging public works contracts during her two-term presidency between 2007 and 2015. Thousands of supporters rallied near her home to oppose the corruption charges in a demonstration that turned into a violent situation. In the streets of Buenos Aires, thousands of people came out to defend VP Fernández against the corruption allegations. Reports indicate that protestors were violently contained by the police, who appear to have used tear gas and arrested some of those protesting.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
45 808 750
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Alberto Fernández (since 2019)
Head of government party
Justicialist Party
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
44.8%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
43.1%
Last legislative election
2021
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
2.68
Head of state
President Alberto Fernández
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (modified two-round)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
06/11/2017
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
93.09%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Moderate risk of democratic backsliding Moderate risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
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Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10