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Vietnam

Monthly Updates

November 2022

Vietnam announced stricter regulations on social media platforms on 4 November, including the removal of ‘fake news’ within 24 hours and ‘sensitive information’ within three hours. The move follows the implementation of a cybersecurity law in 2019 and national guidelines on social media behavior in 2020.  This is part of a larger trend of tightening control over the internet by increasing online censorship, issuing harsh fines and prison sentences for the supposed misuse of social media, collecting citizens' data and compelling international tech giants to comply with the government's mounting requirements. The government has also attempted to suppress news of the recent protests in China, with videos and news being spread on social media to prevent similar expressions of dissent in Vietnam and to avoid upsetting relations with China.

October 2022

Vietnam was elected as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council on 11 October, despite mounting criticism over an increasing crackdown on human rights activists, journalists, and climate advocates over the past year. Four prominent human rights groups issued a joint statement highlighting that since announcing its candidacy in February 2021, 48 persons have been detained or arrested for arbitrary crimes ranging from "abusing democratic freedoms" to "propaganda against the State" to "tax evasion." The statement calls on Vietnam to release arbitrarily detained persons to ensure their rights to freedom of expression and association.  

August 2022

The Vietnamese Ministry of Health has declared that being LGBTQIA+ is “not an illness” and issued a directive that medical practitioners should not “interfere nor force treatment” on patients. This follows years of campaigning by LGBTQIA+ rights groups and is hailed as a landmark decision in shifting the attitudes towards sexuality.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
98 168 830
System of government
Communist State
Head of government
Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính (since 2021)
Head of government party
Communist Party of Vietnam
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Two-Round System
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
30.3%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2021
Head of state
President Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
22/01/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
75.60%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
No Action
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10