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Vanuatu

Monthly Updates

November 2022

Ishmael Kalsakau was elected the 13th Prime Minister of Vanuatu by the country’s parliament on 4 November, following the country’s 13 October general election. Kalsakau was previously the deputy prime minister, and was elected with 50 votes in the 52-seat parliament. The government’s priorities include raising the minimum wage and addressing unemployment, as well as furthering the long-time goal of ensuring customary land ownership.

October 2022

Vanuatu held snap elections on 13 October after a ten-day campaign, during which the nation’s small electoral management body cooperated with the Royal Australian Air Force to distribute and collect ballots in the nation’s 63 inhabited islands. Gloria Julia King was elected the sole woman in Vanuatu’s 52-seat legislature.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
314 460
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Ishmael Kalsakau (since 2022)
Head of government party
Union of Moderate Parties
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Single Non-Transferable Vote
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
0.0%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2022
Head of state
President Nikenike Vurobaravu
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly + regional/local representatives)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
24/01/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
71.11%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
No Action
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
No Action
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10