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China

Monthly Updates

December 2022

Pro-democracy media tycoon Jimmy Lai was sentenced to nearly six years in prison on fraud charges on 10 December 2022 for the alleged violation of a lease contract by his company, Apple Daily. Lai has been serving a 20-month sentence since April 2021 after being convicted in three cases of "unauthorized assembly" for participating in peaceful protests, and faces life in prison under separate charges under Hong Kong’s National Security Law. Domestic and international rights watchdogs decried the charges as baseless and politically motivated.

November 2022

Protests erupted in cities across China over lockdown measures linked to China's zero-COVID policy - marking the largest show of public dissent in recent years. Demonstrators called for an end to the strictest COVID-19 policies, but also greater political freedoms and, in some limited cases, for President Xi Jinping to step down. The protests were triggered by reports of a deadly fire in Xinjiang on 24 November, where strict lockdown measures allegedly hampered rescue and evacuation efforts. Economic woes also influenced the unrest. Reports note the extensive use of digital surveillance tools to track, intimidate, and arrest those participating in the marches. Conversely, the protests led to some restrictions being abruptly lifted on 29 November, such as in Guangzhou and Chongqing.  

October 2022

Chairman Xi Jinping was elected for an unprecedented third term as the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) on 23 October. Xi's consolidation of power is reflected in the unveiling of his new seven-man Politburo Standing Committee (equivalent to the presidential cabinet) comprised mainly of loyalists and close allies, allegedly leaving no room for opposition to his rule inside the party. The 24-person Politburo committee also contains no women for the first time in 25 years. Xi's appointment has the potential of paving the way for lifelong rule, following his role in eliminating term limits in 2018.

September 2022

A new wave of Covid-19 outbreaks prompted strict lockdowns and mass testing under the country's "zero-Covid" policy. Millions of residents were forced to stay at home for two weeks in Chengdu, with a similar three-day lockdown imposed on Shenzhen. An earthquake in the former prompted backlash from residents reporting that they were blocked from fleeing their homes. Experts have warned of the political use of such measures, with incessant lockdowns allegedly being imposed ahead of the National Party Congress in October. 

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
1 412 360 000
System of government
Communist Party-Led State
Head of government
Premier Li Keqiang (since 2013)
Head of government party
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
No direct elections
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
24.9%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2018 (Indirect)
Head of state
President Xi Jinping
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
06/11/2018
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
82.08%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Signatory
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
No Action
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
No Action
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
No Action
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
No Action
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
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