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Cambodia

Monthly Updates

November 2022

Police arrested labor leader Chhim Sithar for the second time this year, in what domestic and international rights groups and the US State Department condemned as emblematic of the Cambodian government’s harassment and repression of core labor rights. Sithar was arrested returning from a labor conference in Australia on the grounds she had violated the terms of her probation stemming from her previous arrest. Neither Sithar nor her legal team had previously been informed of any conditions of her probation. The Cambodian government and large employers began increasing pressure on organized labour and activists in 2020 under the guise of coronavirus-related restrictions, and Sithar’s arrest is a further signal that such measures are likely to become permanent.

October 2022

Prime Minister Hun Sen continued his legal harassment of all domestic political opposition, including the issuing of fines, lengthy sentences, and public threats. Observers credit the long-running crackdown as an attempt by Sen to sideline all opposition before handing over the prime minister’s office to his son, possibly as soon as next year’s elections. Sen has also expanded his efforts beyond Cambodia’s borders, unsuccessfully suing opposition leader Sam Rainsy in a French court.

September 2022

On 22 September the UN-supported Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia issued its final ruling: rejecting the last appeal of Khmer Rouge leader Khieu Samphan against a life sentence for murder. The tribunal convicted three Khmer Rouge leaders in its 15 years of operation.

August 2022

Thirty-four members of the banned opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) have been indicted for plotting against the government in what will be the third mass trial of opposition political leaders in three years. The trials are part of a broader campaign of repression of all political opposition that has drawn significant international criticism to Cambodia in recent years.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
16 946 450
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Hun Sen (since 1985)
Head of government party
Cambodian People's Party (CPP)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
20.8%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
16.1%
Last legislative election
2018
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
2.29
Head of state
King Norodom Sihamoni
Selection process for head of state
Hereditary or election by hereditary state rulers
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
30/01/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
92.02%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Signatory
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
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