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Venezuela

Monthly Updates

December 2022

The “interim" or parallel government, established by the main opposition parties in Venezuela, and recognised by a number of countries internationally, after the 2018 elections were discredited, was ended in a vote held on 22 December. Juan Guaido’s mandate as “interim president” was concluded, with supportive political parties arguing the unviability of a strategy that relies on symbolic leadership and the non-recognition of Nicolas Maduro as president. Some members of the opposition have also argued the need to concentrate efforts in ensuring that the 2024 elections are free and fair, including through the dialogue and negotiations with Maduro’s government that resumed last month with the facilitation of Norway.

November 2022

An agreement reached between the Venezuelan government and the opposition will allow for assets previously frozen due to international sanctions to be used to finance social projects. The agreement was facilitated by Norway. Both the international community and the opposition leader, Juan Guaido, have expressed their hope that the agreement could serve as a step to ensure that the 2024 elections in Venezuela meet the minimum conditions to be free and fair.

September 2022

The UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Venezuela has published a report detailing the participation of state agents, including President Maduro, in the repression of dissent. While the Mission has been unable to enter Venezuela, the report was drafted with information gathered from interviews with victims, families and other stakeholders. The Mission draws attention to the absence of the rule of law in the country and calls upon authorities to investigate and prosecute all human rights violations.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
28 704 947
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Nicolás Maduro (since 2019)
Head of government party
United Socialist Party of Venezuela
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Parallel
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2020
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
1.94
Head of state
President Nicolás Maduro
Selection process for head of state
Direct election
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
25/01/2022
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
67.38%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
Signatory
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10