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Eritrea

Monthly Updates

October 2022

A report from the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea to the UN General Assembly, found that the country’s involvement in the war in Tigray, Ethiopia, has negatively impacted its human rights situation. It noted in particular that the increased militarization of the country has prompted a rise in forced conscriptions. Amongst the forced recruits are growing numbers of children and Eritrean refugees kidnapped from Ethiopia. The Special Rapporteur also reported that the arrest of at least 47 Christians has reversed a positive trend in freedom of religion. Civic and democratic space remains tightly closed, with Eritreans unable to express dissent or participate in decision-making and hundreds subject to prolonged and arbitrary detention. According to the report, no attempts had been made by the government to tackle impunity and victims of human rights abuses continue to be denied access to justice. 

September 2022

The International Commission of Human Rights Experts in Ethiopia believes the parties to Ethiopia’s ongoing conflict have committed serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, and that the Ethiopian government and its allies have committed (and continue to commit) crimes against humanity. In its September report, it found that rape and sexual violence has been perpetrated on “a staggering scale” since the conflict began and, that while all parties had committed these acts, Tigrayan women and girls had been targeted with particular violence and brutality by the Ethiopian and Eritrean forces and by allied regional militia. It also found that the Ethiopian federal government has been using starvation as a weapon of war by denying humanitarian access to the Tigray Region where, it reports, 90 per cent of its 5.3 million inhabitants are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. Also reported were large-scale killings of civilians by all parties.          

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
3 213 970
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Isaias Afwerki (since 1993)
Head of government party
People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
No direct elections
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
1994
Head of state
President Isaias Afwerki
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
28/01/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
50.19%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
No Action
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
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Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
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Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
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Jan 2023

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10