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The Gambia

https://www.idea.int/democracytracker/

March 2024

Parliament considers reversing ban on female genital mutilation
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The Gambian National Assembly voted on 19 March to reverse a ban on female genital mutilation that has been in force since 2015. The bill has now passed its second reading and has been referred to a committee for three months of consultations. Opposition to the ban on FGM has grown in the last year since the first convictions and fines for practicing FGM were handed down by a court in the country. At present, almost three quarters of women in the Gambia have been subjected to the practice. If the reversal of the ban on FGM is eventually passed by the parliament, Gambia would become the first country in the world to reverse a ban on the practice.  

Sources: The Point, The Guardian, Reuters 

December 2022

Government claims to foil a coup, eight charged with plot

The Gambian government claimed to have foiled a plot to stage a coup d’état against President Barrow in late December. In all, eight members of the military (all junior rank) and three civilians were charged with treason and conspiracy to commit treason. The accused pled not guilty to the charge of treason. A well-known opposition politician (Momodou Sabally) was arrested around the same time in response to comments he made on social media, but he was released without charge. This is the second alleged coup plot since 2016. The government announced that it had created an investigative panel which will report on the coup plot within 30 days.

Sources: Reuters (1), News24, Reuters (2), Deutsche Welle, Vanguard

See all event reports for this country

GSoD Indices Data 2014-2023

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
2 486 940
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Adama Barrow (since 2017)
Head of government party
National People's Party
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
First Past the Post
Women in lower or single chamber
8.6%
Women in upper chamber
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
4.78
Head of state
President Adama Barrow
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
05/11/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
93.24%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
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Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
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Equal Remuneration Convention
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Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
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Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
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Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
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Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
State Party
in
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
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Representation neutral Rights
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Representation neutral Rule of law
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Representation neutral Participation
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Global State of Democracy Indices

Hover over the trend lines to see the exact data points across the years

Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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