Skip to main content
Menu Menu Close
Africa
Americas
Asia and the Pacific
Europe
Western Asia
Flag

El Salvador

Monthly Updates

December 2022

Over 10,000 elements of the armed forces and other security forces were deployed to surround the municipality of Soyapango, in an operation designed to crack down on gang members, blocking roads and carrying out stops to all those attempting to leave. Authorities consider Soyapango to be one of the most dangerous municipalities due to the high rate of gang activity. Weeks later, security forces including a heavy military presence also surrounded two districts of San Salvador. These acts are part of the government’s strategy against gang violence, which includes the implementation of a state of emergency since March 2022. It enables authorities to carry out detentions without judicial orders and has been criticised by human rights groups for the lack of due process and prolonged pre-trial detention. They have also highlighted that many young men have been targeted by arbitrary detentions and criminalized for living in areas where gangs have a greater presence. Polls suggest Bukele’s strategy is supported overall by the population, as he maintains high degrees of acceptance.

September 2022

On 15 September President Bukele announced that he will be running for re-election, despite a constitutional ban on consecutive re-election, and the fact that his current five-year term will not end until 2024. Nevertheless, a recent ruling of the Supreme Court’s Constitutional Chamber whose members were replaced by Bukele, considered that re-election is permitted, paving the way for Bukele’s bid to run for a second term in office. President Bukele’s approval is currently high, as polls suggest his measures to crackdown on gang violence are supported by a majority of the population. In March, a State of Emergency was decreed to combat high levels of gang killings and has been renewed every month since. Six months later, the State of Emergency has led to the arrest of nearly 53,000 people, in a context of weakened due process guarantees.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

Chevron

Basic Information

Chevron
Population Tooltip
6 518 500
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Nayib Bukele (since 2019)
Head of government party
Nuevas Ideas
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
27.4%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2021
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
3.03
Head of state
President Nayib Bukele
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
04/11/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
73.43%
Tooltip text

Human Rights Treaties

Chevron
State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
Tooltip text

Early Warning System BETA

Chevron
Elevated risk of democratic breakdown Elevated risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Currently experiencing democratic backsliding Currently experiencing democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10