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Bulgaria

Monthly Updates

October 2022

Bulgaria held its fourth election in 18 months on 2 October. Former Prime Minister Boyko Borissov’s centre-right party, Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (GERB), won the majority of votes, while the centrist anti-corruption We Continue the Change (PP) came second. Other parties, such as the pro-Russian Revival party, won sizeable chunks of votes as well, which means that any new government might involve several coalition members and rely on deals that could lead to further political crises. Political gridlock is likely to continue as GERB goes through difficulties to form a coalition. The low voter turnout (39.4 per cent) continued the trend of increased voter apathy. This is the lowest voter turnout in the four elections held in just two years. 

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
6 899 130
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Galab Donev (since 2022)
Head of government party
Independent
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
22.5%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
6.12
Head of state
President Rumen Radev
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
06/11/2020
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
82.83%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
Signatory
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
No Action
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Moderate risk of democratic backsliding Moderate risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Aug 2022
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan 2023

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10