On 6 October, Armenia’s ruling Civil Contract Party appointed allies to the politically independent Electoral Commission and Supreme Judicial Council. The appointments have been criticized by civil society for undermining independent institutions in a similar manner to Armenia’s previous government.
Fighting on the Azerbaijani-Armenian border killed 207 Armenian soldiers, 80 Azerbaijani soldiers, and 4 Armenian civilians. Over 2,700 Armenian civilians were evacuated from the border area. Contrary to the two previous wars and long-running low-level hostilities between the two countries, the fighting did not involve the disputed enclave of Nagorno Karabakh, but Azerbaijan’s incursions into the internationally-recognized borders of Armenia. Videos released online from the fighting showed what appears to be attacks on Armenian civilian infrastructure and the execution of Armenian prisoners of war by Azerbaijani forces. Azerbaijan has blamed undocumented Armenian provocations for the outbreak of fighting.