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Costa Rica

Monthly Updates

October 2022

In a context of increasing confrontation between President Rodrigo Chaves and members of the press, the country’s Constitutional Chamber granted an appeal promoted by journalists from newspaper La Nación, against the closure of “Parque Viva”, an entertainment centre owned by the same group. Appellants had argued that the measure was taken after President Chaves had publicly vowed to take measures against the newspaper and other media outlets. The Chamber determined an indirect violation against freedom of press had been committed by the president and health secretary, and ordered the annulment of the measure.  Days after the ruling, Chaves criticized the Court, claiming that it had favoured private interests to the detriment of the health and safety concerns his administration used to justify the closure. President Chaves has made public remarks undermining press freedom, particularly against outlets that have been critical and have reported on previous accusations of sexual harassment.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
5 139 050
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Rodrigo Chaves Robles (since 2022)
Head of government party
Social Democratic Progress Party (PPSD)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
47.4%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2022
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
7.66
Head of state
President Rodrigo Chaves Robles
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (modified two-round)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
13/05/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
91.51%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
American Convention on Human Rights
State Party
Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Oct
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10