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Israel

Monthly Updates

December 2022

Benjamin Netanyahu was sworn in as Israel’s prime minister on 29 December, despite being currently on trial for corruption. The new government includes ultra-Orthodox and far-right parties that have pledged to expand illegal settlements in the occupied West Bank, with some ministers convicted for crimes such as tax fraud, corruption and terrorism. The Knesset approved several bills throughout December in preparation for Netanyahu's government, including amendments to the Basic Law, which had prevented those who have been sentenced to prison from holding a ministerial position, and extended authority to National Security Minister over Israeli police force and Civil Administration in West Bank. This will be the most right-wing government in Israel’s history, and analysts warn that some of the new legislation it has proposed will inflame conflict, damage the judiciary, and restrict minority rights. Attorney General Gali Baharav-Miara warned that the new government’s legislative program threatens to turn Israel into a “democracy in name, but not in essence.”

November 2022

Israel’s fifth election in less than four years has resulted in an apparent victory for a religious nationalist coalition led by former prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Netanyahu, who is on trial for corruption, was tasked with forming a government by President Isaac Herzog. A far-right government is expected as Netanyahu has pledged to seek national consensus with policies such as annexation of the West Bank, alterations to the role of the judiciary, and strict opposition to any territorial concessions with the Palestinians, generating national and international concern.

September 2022

Israel imposed new legislation that tightens control in West Bank and effectively entrenches Israel’s 55-year control over the Palestinian population in the territory. The Israeli military body responsible for civilian affairs in the Coordination of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT) released a wide-ranging policy imposing rules, reporting requirements, and restrictions for foreigners who want to enter Palestinian areas of the West Bank, extending its control of daily life and movement in and out of the occupied territory. The rules do not apply to people visiting Israel or the more than 130 Jewish settlements scattered across the West Bank.

August 2022

With less than two months left until Israel goes to the polls, Prime Minister Yair Lapid launched airstrikes into Gaza. Conflict broke out between Israel and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) lasting three days before a ceasefire was agreed. According to the United Nations, 47 Palestinians were killed, including 12 PIJ fighters, and 360 people were injured. The Palestinian deaths included 15 children and four women, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza. Among those Palestinians wounded, 151 were children and 56 women.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
9 364 000
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Yair Lapid (since 2022)
Head of government party
Yesh Atid
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
30.0%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2021
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
8.92
Head of state
President Isaac Herzog
Selection process for head of state
Indirect election (assembly)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
23/01/2018
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
29.17%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10