Divisions among the political institutions in Libya were deepened in September when the Tobruk-based House of Representatives replaced the President of the Supreme Court, Mohamed al-Hafi, with Abdullah Burazizah. The vote was unanimous but may have lacked a quorum. Until now, the Supreme Court had been viewed as relatively above the political rivalries that have dominated Libyan politics for the past decade. Observers have suggested that this new appointment is likely to politicize this institution and bring it under the control of the legislature, a development that risks an intensification of the conflict.
Violence erupted between armed groups in Libya on 26 and 27 August as forces affiliated with Bashagha attempted to take control of Tripoli and oust the Dbeibah-led government, shattering hope for a peaceful solution. Continued delays in holding elections and growing tensions between rival Libyan forces pose a security threat that has raised increasing concerns. The United Nations (UN) voiced “deep concern” over growing tensions between rival Libyan forces, calling for “immediate” moves to calm the situation.