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Netherlands

Monthly Updates

August 2022

The Council of Europe has called on the Dutch government to improve its reception of asylum seekers. The main reception center, Ter Apel, situated near the German border, has left more than 700 people seeking asylum in the Netherlands without shelter, privacy, clean water, sanitation and food, leading Médecins sans Frontiers to deploy its first Dutch mission in order to provide basic healthcare. The death of a three-month old baby this month has prompted an investigation by Dutch authorities into the role overcrowding at Ter Apel may have played. The Dutch government has since announced new measures, including commitments to open a large emergency shelter nearby and to allocate EUR 730 million to the establishment of additional reception centers.

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
17 533 400
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Mark Rutte (since 2010)
Head of government party
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
40.7%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
32.0%
Last legislative election
2021
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
9.26
Head of state
King Willem-Alexander
Selection process for head of state
Hereditary or election by hereditary state rulers
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
10/05/2017
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
46.88%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
State Party
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Signatory
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
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Aug
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Representative government neutral Checks on government
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Aug
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Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10