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Philippines

Monthly Updates

November 2022

The Philippines Congress passed a law on 29 November that aims to strengthen anti-discrimination provisions under the Labour Code to safeguard women employees. The law strengthens existing provisions with jail terms and hefty fines for violators, stating that it is unlawful for any employer to favour a male employee over a female employee in terms of employment benefits. The law also prevents the discharge of women on account of pregnancy. Ultimately, the measure establishes greater responsibility and accountability for private employment agencies.

October 2022

A ruling on 21 September dismissed a Department of Justice petition filed by the government in 2018 seeking to declare the Communist Party of the Philippines and its armed wing to be "terrorist" groups. While considered a win by government critics and activists, analysts note that the government can still seek to declare groups as terrorists under the controversial Anti-Terror Act, adopted in 2020. The Regional Trial Court also raised concerns about the adverse impacts of "red tagging" on the right to freedom of expression - a common practice that senior officials have employed to label critics, activists and journalists as terrorists or insurgents, thereby exposing them to arrests or violent attacks. 

September 2022

Drug-related killings continue to occur regularly under President Bongbong Marcos, says Human Rights Watch in a policy brief to UN member states. According to the monitoring of Dahas, a program affiliated with the University of the Philippines, 72 drug-related killings have been reported since Marcos took office on 30 June. Marcos has pledged to continue the Duterte administration's "war on drugs" campaign, albeit with a less punitive approach. Yet, the reported killings reflect a different reality on the ground regarding security forces. Marcos also stated in September that he will not support the International Criminal Court’s probe into former president Duterte's drug war. 

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GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
111 046 910
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
President Bongbong Marcos (since 2022)
Head of government party
PFP
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Parallel
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
27.3%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
29.2%
Last legislative election
2022
Head of state
President Bongbong Marcos
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (plurality)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
08/05/2017
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
40.08%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Elevated risk of democratic backsliding Elevated risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
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Aug
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Representative government neutral Checks on government
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Aug
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Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
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Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
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Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10