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New Zealand

Monthly Updates

November 2022

New Zealand’s parliament will discuss lowering the voting age from 18 to 16, after the country’s Supreme Court ruled the current age limit was discriminatory, as legal protections against discrimination in New Zealand begin at that age. Although the ruling does not compel parliament to lower the voting age, only to debate it, supporters for the proposed change celebrated the decision as a step in the right direction. 

October 2022

A study by University of Auckland researchers found significant health inequities between Maori and non-Maori New Zealanders driven by a lack of access and underutilization of primary care by Maori adults. The researchers’ estimated systemic inequities in healthcare provision cost $860 million year, the overwhelming majority of which is borne by the Maori community. The study is the first to attempt to quantify the effects of systemic inequities in the New Zealand healthcare system. 

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
5 122 600
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern (since 2017)
Head of government party
Labour Party
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Mixed Member Proportional system
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
49.2%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2020
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
3.04
Head of state
King Charles III
Selection process for head of state
Hereditary or election by hereditary state rulers
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
21/01/2019
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
82.47%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
No Action
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
No Action
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
in
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Early Warning System BETA

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Low risk of democratic breakdown Low risk of democratic breakdown (BETA)
Low risk of democratic backsliding Low risk of democratic backsliding (BETA)

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10