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Ireland

Monthly Event Reports

January 2024 | Hostilities against asylum seekers increase

More than 750 asylum seekers in Ireland have been forced to sleep on the streets due to a shortage of accommodation, while establishments intending to house them have encountered threats, protests, and arson attacks. The increasing hostilities have intensified over the past year, fueled by the conflict in Ukraine, which has prompted an influx of asylum seekers to Ireland, combined by an ongoing housing crisis. The Irish Network Against Racism (INAR) cautioned that the country is nearing a critical juncture in its treatment of asylum seekers. In 2023, there were 15 arson attacks directed at facilities designated for asylum seekers. Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has expressed grave concern over these attacks, pledging arrests and stressing the imperative to address the situation.

May 2023 | EU Commissioner raises concerns over asylum-seekers’ treatment and homelessness

The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatović, sent a letter to Taoiseach Leo Varadkar, Minister for Integration Roderic O’Gorman, and Minister for Housing Darragh O’Brien regarding homelessness among asylum-seekers, requesting a “whole of government approach.” The Commissioner stated the country may not be complying with minimum requirements set under the European Convention on Human Rights, raised the issue of unequal treatment between Ukrainian and other asylum-seekers, and warned that the housing crisis could fuel growing anti-refugee sentiment. Taoiseach Leo Varadkar responded that there has been continued work to address the issue but admitted that the existing conditions “fall short of what is required.” Recently, there have been increased reports of asylum-seekers’ substandard living conditions and years of limbo due to the long waiting times for application decisions. The country has seen arson attacks on asylum-seekers and blocked roads to prevent them from accessing accommodation centers.

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GSoD Indices Data 2013-2022

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
5 028 230
System of government
Parliamentary system
Head of government
Taoiseach Leo Varadkar (since 2022)
Head of government party
Fine Gael
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Single Transferable Vote
Women in lower or single chamber
23.1%
Women in upper chamber
39.0%
Last legislative election
2020
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
6.16
Head of state
President Michael D. Higgins
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (alternative vote)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
10/11/2021
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
85.0%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
Signatory
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Signatory
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Performance by category over the last 6 months

Representation neutral Representation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rights
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Rule of law
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024
Representation neutral Participation
Oct 2023
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar 2024

Global State of Democracy Indices

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Explore the indices
Representation
Representation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rights
Rights
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Rule of Law
Rule of Law
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4
Participation
Participation
0
/1
high 0.7-1.0
mid 0.4-0.7
low 0.0-0.4

Factors of Democratic Performance Over Time

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