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Georgia

Monthly Updates

October 2022

POSTV, a TV channel critical of Georgia’s liberal opposition, has officially become the media arm of a newly-formed parliamentary faction known for launching conspiratorial critiques against Georgian opposition, Ukraine, the European Union, and American officials. The channel also recently came under the majority ownership of a member of a sitting member of parliament, in violation of Georgian law.

September 2022

The Georgian Parliament voted to overrule President Salome Zurabishvili’s veto and pass a controversial surveillance bill criticized by the political opposition, the US Embassy, the Venice Commission, and local non-governmental organizations. The bill removes much oversight and grants investigative agencies broad leeway to conduct covert surveillance, despite Georgia’s troubled history with widespread surveillance and wiretapping of private citizens, journalists, and opposition politicians.

August 2022

The Georgian National Communications Commission (GNCC) acceded to a request by the ruling Georgian Dream political party to fine one and warn two media outlets for airing a civil society-funded advertisement that encouraged Georgians to attend rallies in support of the membership to the European Union (EU). The GNCC ruled that the ad constituted political campaigning outside of a campaign period. The ruling has been condemned by human rights organizations, who note it represents an escalation in the Georgian Dream’s efforts to use state resources to pressure and silence critical media outlets.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

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Basic Information

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Population Tooltip
3 708 610
System of government
Semi-Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili (since 2021)
Head of government party
Georgian Dream
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
Parallel
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
19.1%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2020
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
3.2
Head of state
President Salome Zourabichvili
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
26/01/2021
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
90.18%
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Human Rights Treaties

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State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
No Action
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
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Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10