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Asia and the Pacific
Western Asia

Taiwan - May 2023

Environmental and health amendments for Indigenous rights

Taiwan's legislature on 26 May passed the Indigenous Peoples Health Act, aimed at improving Indigenous communities' access to resources and medical care in Taiwan. The act requires regular investigation and study of indigenous communities' health needs, the establishment of a health database, and the training of healthcare personnel. It also emphasizes indigenous representation in healthcare policy and encourages the inclusion of indigenous health content in medical education programs.

In a separate development, long-awaited amendments to the Mining Act in Taiwan were also passed on 26 May, granting more power to indigenous communities over mining rights on their lands. Mining companies are now required to seek the consent of local indigenous people before initiating projects, amongst other things. Large mining projects will also have to undergo rigorous environmental impact reviews.

Sources: Taipei Times (1), Taipei Times (2), Focus Taiwan

Primary categories and factors
Rights +1 Rights  (+1)
Political Equality
Social Group Equality