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Asia and the Pacific
Western Asia

Mongolia - May 2023

Parliament amends constitution to increase transparency and representation

The Mongolian Parliament on 31 May passed a constitutional reform to enlarge parliament from 76 to 126 members. Rather than a strictly first-past-the-post system, the reform introduces a mixed electoral system that will come into effect from 1 January 2024, wherein 78 members will be elected under the old system and the remaining 48 members by proportional representation via a political party list. The parliament sought out citizens' opinions in drafting the new amendments. The change aims to address the disproportionate representation of constituencies by "strengthening the legislature, increasing transparency, and bringing parliamentarians closer to the people they serve."  However, some experts argue that more focus should be placed on strengthening political parties and increasing female representation - the latter of which the government will soon introduce in a separate proposal.

Sources: Montsame, The Diplomat, The UB Post, Parliament of Mongolia

Primary categories and factors
Representation 0 Representation  (0)
Effective Parliament
Participation +1 Participation  (+1)
Civic Engagement
Civil Society

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