35. If there are provisions for political parties free or subsidized access to media, what criteria determine access allocation?

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Breakdown by Continent

Continent Equal Number of candidates Share of seats Share of votes in preceding election Other None No data Not applicable Countries researched
Africa 30
(58.8%)
4
(7.8%)
5
(9.8%)
1
(2.0%)
10
(19.6%)
1
(2.0%)
9
(17.6%)
5
(9.8%)
51
Americas 13
(38.2%)
4
(11.8%)
4
(11.8%)
7
(20.6%)
8
(23.5%)
3
(8.8%)
3
(8.8%)
6
(17.6%)
34
Asia 15
(41.7%)
1
(2.8%)
3
(8.3%)
1
(2.8%)
6
(16.7%)
1
(2.8%)
3
(8.3%)
11
(30.6%)
36
Europe 25
(56.8%)
6
(13.6%)
5
(11.4%)
5
(11.4%)
9
(20.5%)
2
(4.5%)
2
(4.5%)
5
(11.4%)
44
Oceania 1
(7.1%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(7.1%)
1
(7.1%)
2
(14.3%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(7.1%)
10
(71.4%)
14
Total 84 15 18 15 35 7 18 37 179
Description: 
In countries where free or subsidised access to media is provided to political parties, this question covers how this access is distributed between the eligible parties

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan No data

view

Albania Share of seats
Share of votes in preceding election

view

Algeria Equal

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Andorra Share of votes in preceding election
Other

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Angola Other

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Antigua and Barbuda Equal

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Argentina Equal
Number of candidates
Other

view

Armenia Equal

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Australia Other

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Austria Not applicable

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Azerbaijan Equal
Other

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Bahamas Not applicable

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Bahrain No data

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Bangladesh Not applicable

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Barbados Number of candidates
Other

view

Belarus Equal

view

Belgium Equal
Number of candidates

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Belize Not applicable

view

Benin Equal

view

Bhutan Equal

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Bolivia Equal
Share of votes in preceding election

view

Bosnia and Herzegovina Other

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Botswana Not applicable

view

Brazil Share of seats
Other

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Bulgaria Equal

view

Burkina Faso Equal
Number of candidates

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Burundi Equal

view

Cabo Verde Equal
Number of candidates

view

Cambodia Equal
Other

view

Cameroon No data

view

Canada Number of candidates
Share of seats
Other

view

Central African Republic No data

view

Chad Other

view

Chile Equal
Share of votes in preceding election

view

Colombia Equal
Share of votes in preceding election
Other

view

Comoros No data

view

Congo, Democratic Republic of Equal

view

Costa Rica Share of votes in preceding election

view

Cote d'Ivoire Equal

view

Croatia Other

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Cyprus Equal

view

Czech Republic Equal

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Denmark Equal

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Djibouti No data

view

Dominica Not applicable

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Dominican Republic Equal
Number of candidates

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Ecuador Equal

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Egypt Equal

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El Salvador None

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Equatorial Guinea No data

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Estonia Not applicable

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Eswatini No data

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Ethiopia Equal
Other

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Fiji Not applicable

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Finland Equal

view

France Equal
Share of seats
Other

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Gabon No data

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Gambia Equal

view

Georgia Share of votes in preceding election

view

Germany No data

view

Ghana Equal

view

Greece Share of votes in preceding election
Other

view

Grenada Not applicable

view

Guatemala Share of votes in preceding election

view

Guinea Equal

view

Guinea-Bissau Equal
Other

view

Guyana Not applicable

view

Haiti Other

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Honduras Equal

view

Hungary Equal

view

Iceland Equal

view

India Equal

view

Indonesia None

view

Iran, Islamic Republic of Not applicable

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Iraq Equal

view

Ireland Number of candidates
Share of votes in preceding election

view

Israel Share of seats

view

Italy Equal
Other

view

Jamaica No data

view

Japan Number of candidates
Other

view

Jordan Equal
No data

view

Kazakhstan Equal

view

Kenya Other

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Kiribati Not applicable

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Korea, Republic of Other

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Kyrgyzstan Equal

view

Latvia Equal

view

Lebanon Equal

view

Lesotho No data

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Liberia Not applicable

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Libya Not applicable

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Liechtenstein Not applicable

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Lithuania Equal

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Luxembourg None

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Madagascar Equal

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Malawi Equal

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Malaysia Not applicable

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Maldives Not applicable

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Mali Equal
None

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Malta Other

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Marshall Islands Equal

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Mauritania Not applicable

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Mauritius Number of candidates
Share of seats

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Mexico Equal
Share of votes in preceding election

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Micronesia, Federated States of Not applicable

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Moldova, Republic of Equal

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Monaco No data

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Mongolia Equal

view

Montenegro Equal

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Morocco No data

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Mozambique Other

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Myanmar Not applicable

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Namibia Equal

view

Nauru Not applicable

view

Nepal Not applicable

view

Netherlands Equal

view

New Zealand Share of seats
Share of votes in preceding election
Other

view

Nicaragua Share of votes in preceding election

view

Niger Equal

view

Nigeria Equal

view

North Macedonia, Republic of Equal
Number of candidates

view

Norway None

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Pakistan Not applicable

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Palau Not applicable

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Panama Equal

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Papua New Guinea Not applicable

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Paraguay Equal

view

Peru Equal
Share of seats

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Philippines Not applicable

view

Poland Equal
Number of candidates

view

Portugal Equal

view

Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) Equal
Other

view

Romania Equal
Number of candidates
Share of seats
Other

view

Russian Federation Equal

view

Rwanda Equal

view

Saint Kitts and Nevis Not applicable

view

Saint Lucia Share of seats
Other

view

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines No data

view

Samoa No data

view

San Marino Equal

view

Sao Tome and Principe Other

view

Senegal Equal
Share of seats

view

Serbia Equal

view

Seychelles Equal

view

Sierra Leone Equal

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Singapore Not applicable

view

Slovakia Equal

view

Slovenia Equal

view

Solomon Islands Not applicable

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South Africa Equal
Number of candidates
Share of seats

view

Spain Share of seats
Share of votes in preceding election

view

Sri Lanka Equal

view

Sudan Equal

view

Suriname No data

view

Sweden Not applicable

view

Switzerland Number of candidates
Share of seats

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Syrian Arab Republic Not applicable

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Taiwan Other

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Tajikistan Equal

view

Tanzania, United Republic of Other

view

Thailand Share of seats

view

Timor-Leste Not applicable

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Togo Equal
Share of seats
Share of votes in preceding election
Other

view

Tonga Not applicable

view

Trinidad and Tobago None

view

Tunisia Equal
Share of seats

view

Turkey Share of seats
Other

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Turkmenistan Other

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Tuvalu Not applicable

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Uganda Not applicable

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Ukraine Not applicable

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United Kingdom Other

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United States None

view

Uruguay Equal

view

Uzbekistan Equal

view

Vanuatu Not applicable

view

Venezuela Other

view

Yemen Equal

view

Zambia Equal

view

Zimbabwe Equal

view

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.