44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?

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Breakdown by Continent

Continent Yes, for political parties Yes, for candidates Yes, for third parties No No data Countries researched
Africa 5
(9.8%)
5
(9.8%)
1
(2.0%)
31
(60.8%)
14
(27.5%)
51
Americas 12
(36.4%)
9
(27.3%)
2
(6.1%)
18
(54.5%)
3
(9.1%)
33
Asia 6
(16.2%)
7
(18.9%)
2
(5.4%)
22
(59.5%)
6
(16.2%)
37
Europe 9
(20.5%)
10
(22.7%)
4
(9.1%)
27
(61.4%)
4
(9.1%)
44
Oceania 0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
12
(85.7%)
2
(14.3%)
14
Total 32 31 9 110 29 179

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan No data

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Albania Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Algeria No data

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Andorra No

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Angola No data

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Antigua and Barbuda No

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Argentina Yes

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Armenia Yes, for political parties

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Australia No

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Austria No

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Azerbaijan No

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Bahamas No

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Bahrain No data

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Bangladesh No data

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Barbados Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Belarus No

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Belgium No data

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Belize No

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Benin No

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Bhutan Yes, for political parties

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Bolivia Yes, for political parties

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Bosnia and Herzegovina No

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Botswana No data

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Brazil Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Bulgaria No

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Burkina Faso No data

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Burundi No

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Cabo Verde No data

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Cambodia No

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Cameroon No

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Canada Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Central African Republic No data

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Chad Yes, for political parties

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Chile Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Colombia Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Comoros Yes, for candidates

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Congo, Democratic Republic of No

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Costa Rica No

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Cote d'Ivoire No

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Croatia No

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Cyprus No

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Czech Republic Yes, for third parties

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Denmark Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Djibouti No

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Dominica No

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Dominican Republic Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Ecuador No

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Egypt No data

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El Salvador No

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Equatorial Guinea No data

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Estonia No

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Eswatini No data

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Ethiopia No

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Fiji No

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Finland No

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France Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Gabon No data

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Gambia No

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Georgia No

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Germany No

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Ghana No

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Greece No data

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Grenada No

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Guatemala No

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Guinea No data

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Guinea-Bissau No

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Guyana No data

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Haiti No data

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Honduras No

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Hungary Yes, for candidates

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Iceland No

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India No

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Indonesia Yes, for candidates

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Iran, Islamic Republic of No data

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Iraq Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Ireland Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Israel No

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Italy No data

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Jamaica No

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Japan No data

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Jordan Yes, for candidates

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Kazakhstan No

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Kenya Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Kiribati No

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Korea, Republic of No

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Kyrgyzstan No

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Latvia No

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Lebanon Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Lesotho No

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Liberia No

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Libya No data

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Liechtenstein No

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Lithuania Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Luxembourg No

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Madagascar No

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Malawi Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Malaysia No

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Maldives No

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Mali No

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Malta No

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Marshall Islands No

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Mauritania No

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Mauritius No

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Mexico Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Micronesia, Federated States of No

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Moldova, Republic of No

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Monaco Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Mongolia Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Montenegro No

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Morocco No

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Mozambique No

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Myanmar No

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Namibia No

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Nauru No

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Nepal No data

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Netherlands No

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New Zealand No

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Nicaragua Yes, for political parties

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Niger No

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Nigeria No

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North Macedonia, Republic of No

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Norway Yes, for political parties

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Pakistan No

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Palau No

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Panama Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Papua New Guinea No

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Paraguay Yes, for political parties

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Peru Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Philippines No

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Poland Yes, for candidates

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Portugal No

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) No data

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Romania Yes, for candidates

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Russian Federation Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Rwanda No

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Saint Kitts and Nevis No

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Saint Lucia No

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Saint Vincent and The Grenadines No

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Samoa No data

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San Marino No

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Sao Tome and Principe No data

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Senegal No

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Serbia No

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Seychelles No

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Sierra Leone No

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Singapore No

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Slovakia No

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Slovenia No

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Solomon Islands No

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South Africa No

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Spain Yes, for political parties

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Sri Lanka Yes, for candidates

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Sudan Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Suriname No data

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Sweden No

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Switzerland No

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Syrian Arab Republic No

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Taiwan No

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Tajikistan No

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Tanzania, United Republic of No

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Thailand Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates
Yes, for third parties

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Timor-Leste No

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Togo No

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Tonga No

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Trinidad and Tobago No

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Tunisia Yes, for political parties
Yes, for candidates

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Turkey No

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Turkmenistan No

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Tuvalu No data

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Uganda No

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Ukraine No

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United Kingdom No data

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United States No

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Uruguay No

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Uzbekistan No

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Vanuatu No

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Venezuela No

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Yemen No

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Zambia No

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Zimbabwe No

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.