43. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?

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Breakdown by Continent

Continent Yes No No data Countries researched
Africa 16
(31.4%)
31
(60.8%)
4
(7.8%)
51
Americas 12
(37.5%)
19
(59.4%)
1
(3.1%)
32
Asia 23
(62.2%)
12
(32.4%)
2
(5.4%)
37
Europe 29
(65.9%)
15
(34.1%)
0
(0.0%)
44
Oceania 3
(21.4%)
9
(64.3%)
2
(14.3%)
14
Total 83 86 9 178
Description: 
To limit the advantage of candidates with more access to money, and sometimes to reduce overall spending on election campaigns, some countries limit the amount that candidates are allowed to spend

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan Yes
Article 3: Limits of electoral expenses during electoral campaigns are as follows:
1. 10000000 Afghani for presidential candidates
2. 500000 Afghani for provincial council candidates

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Albania Yes

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Algeria Yes

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Andorra No

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Angola No

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Antigua and Barbuda No

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Argentina N/A

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Armenia Yes

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Australia No

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Austria Yes

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Azerbaijan Yes

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Bahamas No

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Bahrain No data

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Bangladesh Yes

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Barbados Yes

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Belarus Yes

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Belgium Yes

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Belize No

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Benin Yes

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Bhutan Yes

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Bolivia No

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Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes

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Botswana Yes

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Brazil No

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Bulgaria Yes

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Burkina Faso No

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Burundi No

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Cambodia No

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Cameroon No

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Canada Yes

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Cape Verde Yes

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Central African Republic No

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Chad No data

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Chile Yes

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Colombia Yes

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Comoros No

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Congo, Democratic Republic of No

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Costa Rica No

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Cote d'Ivoire No

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Croatia Yes

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Cyprus Yes

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Czech Republic Yes

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Denmark No

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Djibouti No

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Dominica No

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Dominican Republic No

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Ecuador Yes

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Egypt Yes

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El Salvador No

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Equatorial Guinea No data

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Estonia No

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Ethiopia No

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Fiji No

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Finland No

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France Yes

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Gabon No

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Gambia No

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Georgia Yes

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Germany No

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Ghana No

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Greece No

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Grenada No

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Guatemala No data

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Guinea Yes

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Guinea-Bissau No

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Guyana Yes

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Haiti Yes

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Honduras Yes

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Hungary Yes

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Iceland Yes

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India Yes

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Indonesia Yes

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Iran, Islamic Republic of No data

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Iraq No

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Ireland Yes

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Israel Yes

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Italy Yes

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Jamaica Yes

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Japan Yes

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Jordan No

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Kazakhstan Yes

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Kenya Yes

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Kiribati No

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Korea, Republic of Yes

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Kyrgyzstan Yes

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Latvia Yes

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Lebanon Yes

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Lesotho No

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Liberia Yes

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Libya Yes

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Liechtenstein No

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Lithuania Yes

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Luxembourg No

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Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-) Yes

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Madagascar No

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Malawi No

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Malaysia Yes

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Maldives Yes

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Mali No

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Malta Yes

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Marshall Islands No

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Mauritania Yes

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Mauritius Yes

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Mexico Yes

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Micronesia, Federated States of No

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Moldova, Republic of Yes

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Monaco Yes

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Mongolia Yes

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Montenegro Yes

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Morocco Yes

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Mozambique No

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Myanmar Yes

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Namibia No

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Nauru No

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Nepal Yes
First-Past-the-Post (FPTP) candidates:
• House of Representatives: NPR 2,500,000 ($25,000) per candidate
• State Assembly: NPR 1,500,000 ($15,000) per candidate
Proportional Representation (PR) candidates:
• House of Representatives: NPR 200,000 ($2,000) per candidate
• State Assembly: NPR 150,000 ($1,500) per candidate

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Netherlands No

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New Zealand Yes

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Nicaragua No

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Niger No

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Nigeria Yes

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Norway No

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Pakistan Yes

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Palau No

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Panama Yes

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Papua New Guinea No

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Paraguay No

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Peru No

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Philippines Yes

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Poland Yes

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Portugal Yes

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) No

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Romania Yes

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Russian Federation Yes

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Rwanda No

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Saint Kitts and Nevis No

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Saint Lucia No

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Saint Vincent and The Grenadines No

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Samoa No data

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San Marino Yes

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Sao Tome and Principe No

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Senegal No

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Serbia No

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Seychelles No

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Sierra Leone No

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Singapore No

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Slovakia Yes

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Slovenia Yes

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Solomon Islands Yes

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South Africa No

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Spain No

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Sri Lanka No

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Sudan No data

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Suriname No

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Swaziland No data

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Sweden No

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Switzerland No

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Syrian Arab Republic No

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Taiwan Yes

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Tajikistan No

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Tanzania, United Republic of Yes

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Thailand Yes

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Timor-Leste No

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Togo Yes

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Tonga Yes

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Trinidad and Tobago Yes

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Tunisia Yes

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Turkey No

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Turkmenistan No

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Tuvalu No data

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Uganda No

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Ukraine No

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United Kingdom Yes

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United States Only presidential candidates who accept public funds must agree to abide by the spending limit.

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Uruguay No

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Uzbekistan No

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Vanuatu No

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Venezuela No

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Yemen No

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Zambia No

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Zimbabwe No

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