8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?

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Breakdown by Continent

Continent Yes No, but specific limit No No data Countries researched
Africa 9
(17.6%)
0
(0.0%)
31
(60.8%)
11
(21.6%)
51
Americas 15
(46.9%)
3
(9.4%)
13
(40.6%)
1
(3.1%)
32
Asia 18
(50.0%)
5
(13.9%)
9
(25.0%)
4
(11.1%)
36
Europe 30
(68.2%)
6
(13.6%)
8
(18.2%)
0
(0.0%)
44
Oceania 3
(21.4%)
2
(14.3%)
6
(42.9%)
3
(21.4%)
14
Total 75 16 67 19 177
Description: 
To ensure that donations do not come from other banned sources and to increase transparency, anonymous donations to candidates are sometimes banned outright or banned over a certain level (critics argue that provisions for anonymous donations protects the right to privacy of donors)

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan Yes

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Albania Yes

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Algeria No

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Andorra Yes

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Angola No

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Antigua and Barbuda No

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Argentina N/A

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Armenia Yes

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Australia No, but specific limit

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Austria No, but specific limit

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Azerbaijan Yes

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Bahamas No

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Bahrain No data

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Bangladesh Yes

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Barbados Yes

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Belarus Yes

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Belgium No, but specific limit

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Belize No

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Benin No data

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Bhutan Yes

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Bolivia Yes

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Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes

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Botswana No

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Brazil Yes

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Bulgaria Yes

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Burkina Faso No

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Burundi No

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Cambodia No

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Cameroon No

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Canada No, but specific limit

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Cape Verde Yes

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Central African Republic No

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Chad No

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Chile No, but specific limit

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Colombia Yes

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Comoros No

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Congo, Democratic Republic of No

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Costa Rica Yes

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Cote d'Ivoire No

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Croatia Yes

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Cyprus No

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Czech Republic Yes

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Denmark No

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Djibouti No

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Dominica No

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Dominican Republic No

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Ecuador Yes

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Egypt Yes

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El Salvador No

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Equatorial Guinea No data

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Estonia Yes

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Ethiopia No

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Fiji Yes

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Finland Yes

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France No, but specific limit

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Gabon No data

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Gambia No

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Georgia Yes

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Germany No, but specific limit

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Ghana No

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Greece Yes

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Grenada No

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Guatemala Yes

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Guinea No data

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Guinea-Bissau No

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Guyana No

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Haiti No data

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Honduras Yes

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Hungary No, but specific limit

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Iceland Yes

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India No

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Indonesia Yes

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Iran, Islamic Republic of No data

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Iraq Yes

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Ireland No, but specific limit

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Israel Yes

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Italy Yes

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Jamaica Yes

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Japan Yes

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Jordan No

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Kazakhstan Yes

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Kenya Yes

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Kiribati No data

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Korea, Republic of No, but specific limit

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Kyrgyzstan Yes

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Latvia Yes

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Lebanon No

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Lesotho No

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Liberia Yes

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Libya Yes

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Liechtenstein No

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Lithuania Yes

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Luxembourg Yes

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Madagascar No

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Malawi No

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Malaysia No

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Maldives Yes

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Mali No

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Malta Yes

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Marshall Islands No

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Mauritania Yes

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Mauritius No

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Mexico Yes

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Micronesia, Federated States of No

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Moldova, Republic of Yes

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Monaco Yes

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Mongolia Yes

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Montenegro Yes

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Morocco No

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Mozambique No

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Myanmar Yes

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Namibia No

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Nauru No

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Nepal No data

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Netherlands No

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New Zealand No, but specific limit

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Nicaragua No

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Niger No data

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Nigeria No

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North Macedonia, Republic of Yes

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Norway No

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Pakistan No

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Palau Yes

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Panama Yes

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Papua New Guinea Yes

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Paraguay N/A

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Peru Yes

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Philippines Yes

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Poland Yes

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Portugal Yes

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) No data

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Romania No

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Russian Federation Yes

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Rwanda No

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Saint Kitts and Nevis No

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Saint Lucia No

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Saint Vincent and The Grenadines No

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Samoa No data

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San Marino Yes

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Sao Tome and Principe No data

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Senegal No

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Serbia Yes

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Seychelles No

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Sierra Leone Yes

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Singapore No, but specific limit

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Slovakia Yes

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Slovenia Yes

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Solomon Islands No

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South Africa No

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Spain No

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Sri Lanka No

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Sudan Yes

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Suriname No

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Swaziland No data

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Sweden Yes

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Switzerland No

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Syrian Arab Republic No, but specific limit

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Taiwan No, but specific limit

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Tajikistan Yes

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Tanzania, United Republic of Yes

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Thailand No

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Timor-Leste Yes

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Togo No data

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Tonga No

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Trinidad and Tobago Yes

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Tunisia Yes

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Turkey No, but specific limit

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Turkmenistan No

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Tuvalu No data

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Uganda No

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Ukraine Yes

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United Kingdom Yes

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United States Yes

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Uruguay No, but specific limit

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Uzbekistan Yes

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Vanuatu No

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Venezuela Yes

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Yemen Yes

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Zambia No

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Zimbabwe No

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