Electoral system for national legislature

Change field

Breakdown by Continent

Continent FPTP TRS AV BV PBV Parallel MMP List PR STV SNTV LV BC No direct elections In transition Other Countries researched
Africa 18
(32.7%)
6
(10.9%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(3.6%)
3
(5.5%)
7
(12.7%)
2
(3.6%)
21
(38.2%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(3.6%)
1
(1.8%)
0
(0.0%)
55
Americas 19
(42.2%)
3
(6.7%)
0
(0.0%)
3
(6.7%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.2%)
2
(4.4%)
20
(44.4%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
45
Asia 10
(20.8%)
6
(12.5%)
0
(0.0%)
4
(8.3%)
1
(2.1%)
8
(16.7%)
2
(4.2%)
12
(25.0%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(4.2%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
4
(8.3%)
1
(2.1%)
0
(0.0%)
48
Europe 3
(5.9%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
3
(5.9%)
0
(0.0%)
6
(11.8%)
2
(3.9%)
33
(64.7%)
2
(3.9%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
51
Oceania 9
(50.0%)
1
(5.6%)
2
(11.1%)
3
(16.7%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(5.6%)
1
(5.6%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(11.1%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(5.6%)
18
Total 59 17 2 15 4 22 9 87 2 4 1 0 7 2 1 217
Description: 
Essentially, there are 12 main electoral systems, the majority of which fall into three broad families (see Electoral System Family). This data shows electoral system for national legislature.

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan SNTV

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Albania List PR

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Algeria List PR

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Andorra Parallel

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Angola List PR

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Anguilla FPTP
BV

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Antigua and Barbuda FPTP

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Argentina List PR

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Armenia List PR

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Aruba List PR

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Australia AV

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Austria List PR

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Azerbaijan FPTP

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Bahamas FPTP

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Bahrain TRS

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Bangladesh FPTP

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Barbados FPTP

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Belarus FPTP

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Belgium List PR

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Belize FPTP

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Benin List PR

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Bermuda FPTP

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Bhutan FPTP

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Bolivia MMP

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Bosnia and Herzegovina List PR

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Botswana FPTP

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Brazil List PR

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Brunei Darussalam No direct elections

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Bulgaria List PR

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Burkina Faso List PR

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Burundi List PR

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Cabo Verde List PR

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Cambodia List PR

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Cameroon List PR

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Canada FPTP

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Cayman Islands FPTP

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Central African Republic TRS

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Chad FPTP
PBV
List PR

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Chile List PR

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China No direct elections

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Colombia List PR

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Comoros TRS

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Congo, Democratic Republic of FPTP
List PR

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Cook Islands FPTP

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Costa Rica List PR

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Cote d'Ivoire FPTP
PBV

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Croatia List PR

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Cuba TRS

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Cyprus List PR

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Cyprus (North) List PR

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Czech Republic List PR

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Denmark List PR

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Djibouti MMP

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Dominica FPTP

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Dominican Republic List PR

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Ecuador List PR

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Egypt TRS
PBV

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El Salvador List PR

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Equatorial Guinea List PR

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Eritrea No direct elections

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Estonia List PR

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Eswatini FPTP

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Ethiopia FPTP

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Falkland Islands (Malvinas) BV

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Fiji List PR

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Finland List PR

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France TRS

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Gabon TRS

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Gambia FPTP

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Georgia Parallel

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Germany MMP

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Ghana FPTP

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Gibraltar LV

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Greece List PR

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Greenland List PR

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Grenada FPTP

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Guatemala List PR

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Guernsey BV

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Guinea Parallel

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Guinea-Bissau List PR

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Guyana List PR

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Haiti TRS

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Holy See (Vatican City State) No direct elections

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Honduras List PR

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Hungary MMP

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Iceland List PR

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India FPTP

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Indonesia List PR

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Iran, Islamic Republic of TRS

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Iraq List PR

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Ireland STV

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Isle of Man BV

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Israel List PR

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Italy Parallel

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Jamaica FPTP

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Japan Parallel

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Jersey FPTP
BV

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Jordan List PR

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Kazakhstan List PR

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Kenya FPTP

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Kiribati TRS

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Korea, Dem. People's Republic of TRS

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Korea, Republic of MMP

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Kosovo List PR

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Kuwait SNTV

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Kyrgyzstan List PR

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Lao People's Dem. Republic BV

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Latvia List PR

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Lebanon List PR

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Lesotho MMP

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Liberia FPTP

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Libya Parallel

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Liechtenstein List PR

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Lithuania Parallel

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Luxembourg List PR

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Madagascar FPTP
List PR

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Malawi FPTP

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Malaysia FPTP

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Maldives FPTP

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Mali TRS

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Malta STV

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Marshall Islands FPTP
BV

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Mauritania Parallel

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Mauritius BV

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Mexico MMP

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Micronesia, Federated States of FPTP

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Moldova, Republic of List PR

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Monaco Parallel

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Mongolia BV

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Montenegro List PR

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Montserrat TRS

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Morocco List PR

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Mozambique List PR

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Myanmar FPTP

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Namibia List PR

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Nauru Modified BC

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Nepal Parallel

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Netherlands List PR

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Netherlands Antilles List PR

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New Zealand MMP

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Nicaragua List PR

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Niger List PR

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Nigeria FPTP

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Niue FPTP
BV

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North Macedonia, Republic of List PR

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Norway List PR

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Oman FPTP
BV

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Pakistan Parallel

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Palau FPTP

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Panama FPTP
List PR

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Papua New Guinea AV

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Paraguay List PR

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Peru List PR

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Philippines Parallel

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Pitcairn Islands SNTV

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Poland List PR

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Portugal List PR

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Qatar In transition

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) TRS

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Romania List PR

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Russian Federation Parallel

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Rwanda List PR

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Saint Helena FPTP
BV

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Saint Kitts and Nevis FPTP

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Saint Lucia FPTP

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Saint Vincent and The Grenadines FPTP

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Samoa FPTP

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San Marino List PR

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Sao Tome and Principe List PR

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Saudi Arabia No direct elections

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Senegal Parallel

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Serbia List PR

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Seychelles Parallel

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Sierra Leone FPTP

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Singapore FPTP
PBV

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Slovakia List PR

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Slovenia List PR

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Solomon Islands FPTP

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Somalia No direct elections

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South Africa List PR

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South Sudan In transition

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Spain List PR

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Sri Lanka List PR

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State of Palestine Parallel

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Sudan Parallel

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Suriname List PR

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Sweden List PR

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Switzerland List PR

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Syrian Arab Republic BV

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Taiwan Parallel

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Tajikistan Parallel

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Tanzania, United Republic of FPTP

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Thailand MMP

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Timor-Leste List PR

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Togo List PR

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Tokelau FPTP

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Tonga FPTP

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Trinidad and Tobago FPTP

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Tristan da Cunha BV

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Tunisia List PR

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Turkey List PR

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Turkmenistan TRS

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Turks and Caicos Islands FPTP
BV

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Tuvalu BV

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Uganda FPTP

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Ukraine Parallel

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United Arab Emirates No direct elections

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United Kingdom FPTP

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United States FPTP

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Uruguay List PR

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Uzbekistan TRS

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Vanuatu SNTV

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Venezuela Parallel

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Viet Nam TRS

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Virgin Islands, British FPTP

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Yemen FPTP

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Zambia FPTP

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Zimbabwe Parallel

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.