Gender & Democracy

ITU staff members showing their support for the UN Women/ ITU Equals partnership. Photo Credit: ITU Pictures Flickr


Gender equality and women’s empowerment: constitutional jurisprudence​

This exploratory study of constitutional jurisprudence on gender equality and women’s empowerment reveals a series of important findings regarding the current state of lived realities for women living under constitutions which purportedly provide for equality between men and women and prohibit discrimination based on gender. 


International IDEA is committed to ensuring that gender equality is attained in democracy building. For democratic institutions and processes to have integrity and respond to the interests of all citizens, they must be inclusive of the plurality of groups in society.

By transforming unequal power relations, democracy promotes the equal distribution of power and influence between men and women. Central to the pursuit of democracy are policies and practices that seek to increase the participation, representation and leadership and decision making of women in politics, and reduce inequalities between men and women in all spheres of life.

Tools and Databases

Networks & Partners

ACE Project
African Union
Asia-Europe Foundation
Australian National University
Commonwealth Local Government Forum (CLGF)
Commonwealth Secretariat
Electoral Tribunal of Mexico
Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)
Fortify Rights
Hanns Seidel Foundation
iKNOW Politics
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Minority Rights Group International
National Democratic Institute (NDI)
Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI)
Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD)
OECD/DAC/Govnet; Effective Institutions Partnership
Oslo Governance Center
Stockholm University
Sunlight Foundation
Swedish International Liberal Centre (SILC)
UN Women
University of Gothenburg
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Contact Us

Rumbidzai Kandawasvika-Nhundu
Senior Advisor, Democracy and Inclusion
Rumbidzai Kandawasvika-Nhundu is International IDEA's Senior Advisor for Democracy and Inclusion.