Africa has made significant progress in enhancing inclusive political participation and representation, mostly for women, youth and people living with disabilities. This report unpacks the trends and challenges of inclusive participation in Africa.

The domestication (though at varying levels) of global and regional normative frameworks such as the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, the African Youth Charter, and the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance has enhanced traction towards inclusive political participation across the continent. However, traction towards progressive legislative frameworks to enhance political participation and representation of refugees remains weak. The thrust for a multigenerational and multidimensional focus in addressing barriers to inclusive political participation and representation should be strengthened.


Publication date
04 August 2022
Emmanuel O. Akwetey and Tarisai Mutangi
Number of pages
978-91-7671-539-0 (PDF)




Executive summary

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Objectives

Chapter 3. Research methodology

Chapter 4. Trends
4.1. Overview
4.2. Women’s participation and representation
4.3. Youth representation and participation
4.4. Political participation and representation of people with disabilities
4.5. Political participation of refugees

Chapter 5. Case studies
5.1. Rwanda
5.2. Ghana
5.3. South Africa
5.4. The Case of refugees in South Africa
5.5. The Case of refugees in Uganda

Chapter 6. Challenges

Chapter 7. Strategies for enhancing inclusive political participation in Africa
7.1. Strategies for governments
7.2. Strategies for non-state actors

Chapter 8. Conclusion


Annex A. Considerations regarding direct public funding

Annex B. Afrobarometer data

About the authors

About International IDEA

Give us feedback

Do you have a question or feedback about this publication? Leave us your feedback, and we’ll get back to you

Send feedback

Enhancing Inclusive Political Participation and Representation in Africa

Total views 3383
Downloads 107
Close tooltip