Electoral System Family

Change field

Breakdown by Continent

Continent Mixed Plurality/Majority PR Not applicable In transition Other Countries researched
Africa 8
(14.5%)
25
(45.5%)
17
(30.9%)
2
(3.6%)
1
(1.8%)
2
(3.6%)
55
Americas 3
(6.8%)
22
(50.0%)
19
(43.2%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
44
Asia 10
(20.8%)
21
(43.8%)
11
(22.9%)
3
(6.3%)
1
(2.1%)
2
(4.2%)
48
Europe 7
(13.7%)
6
(11.8%)
36
(70.6%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
51
Oceania 1
(5.6%)
13
(72.2%)
1
(5.6%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
3
(16.7%)
18
Total 29 87 84 6 2 8 216
Description: 
Electoral systems are divided into three broad families: plurality/majority systems, proportional systems (PR), and mixed systems. However, some electoral systems do not fit into any particular family. These are SNTV, LV, and BC.

Country answers

Country Year Value Details
Afghanistan 2010 Other

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Albania 2017 PR

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Algeria 2017 PR

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Andorra 2015 Mixed

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Angola 2017 PR

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Anguilla 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Antigua and Barbuda 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Argentina 2017 PR

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Armenia 2017 PR

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Aruba 2013 PR

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Australia 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Austria 2017 PR

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Azerbaijan 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Bahamas 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Bahrain 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Bangladesh 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Barbados 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Belarus 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Belgium 2014 PR

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Belize 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Benin 2015 PR

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Bermuda 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Bhutan 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Bolivia 2014 Mixed

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Bosnia and Herzegovina 2014 PR

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Botswana 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Brazil 2014 PR

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Brunei Darussalam 2004 Not applicable

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Bulgaria 2017 PR

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Burkina Faso 2015 PR

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Burundi 2015 PR

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Cambodia 2013 PR

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Cameroon 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Canada 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Cape Verde 2016 PR

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Cayman Islands 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Central African Republic 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Chad 2011 Plurality/Majority

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Chile 2017 PR

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China 2017 Not applicable

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Colombia 2014 PR

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Comoros 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Congo, Democratic Republic of 2011 Plurality/Majority and PR

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Cook Islands 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Costa Rica 2014 PR

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Cote d'Ivoire 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Croatia 2016 PR

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Cuba 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Cyprus 2016 PR

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Cyprus (North) 2005 PR

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Czech Republic 2013 PR

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Denmark 2015 PR

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Djibouti 2013 Mixed

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Dominica 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Dominican Republic 2016 PR

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Ecuador 2017 PR

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Egypt 2015 Plurality/Majority

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El Salvador 2015 PR

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Equatorial Guinea 2013 PR

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Eritrea 2017 Not applicable

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Estonia 2015 PR

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Ethiopia 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Fiji 2014 PR

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Finland 2015 PR

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France 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Gabon 2011 Plurality/Majority

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Gambia 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Georgia 2016 Mixed

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Germany 2017 Mixed

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Ghana 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Gibraltar 2015 Other

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Greece 2015 PR

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Grenada 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Guatemala 2015 PR

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Guernsey 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Guinea 2013 Mixed

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Guinea-Bissau 2014 PR

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Guyana 2015 PR

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Haiti 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Holy See (Vatican City State) 2017 Not applicable

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Honduras 2013 PR

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Hungary 2014 Mixed

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Iceland 2016 PR

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India 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Indonesia 2014 PR

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Iran, Islamic Republic of 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Iraq 2014 PR

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Ireland 2016 PR

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Isle of Man 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Israel 2015 PR

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Italy 2013 PR

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Jamaica 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Japan 2014 Mixed

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Jersey 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Jordan 2016 PR

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Kazakhstan 2016 PR

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Kenya 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Kiribati 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Korea, Dem. People's Republic of 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Korea, Republic of 2016 Mixed

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Kosovo 2017 PR

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Kuwait 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Kyrgyzstan 2015 PR

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Lao People's Dem. Republic 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Latvia 2014 PR

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Lebanon 2009 Plurality/Majority

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Lesotho 2017 Mixed

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Liberia 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Libya 2014 Mixed

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Liechtenstein 2017 PR

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Lithuania 2016 Mixed

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Luxembourg 2013 PR

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Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-) 2016 PR

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Madagascar 2013 Plurality/Majority and PR

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Malawi 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Malaysia 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Maldives 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Mali 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Malta 2017 PR

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Marshall Islands 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Mauritania 2013 Mixed

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Mauritius 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Mexico 2015 Mixed

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Micronesia, Federated States of 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Moldova, Republic of 2014 PR

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Monaco 2013 Mixed

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Mongolia 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Montenegro 2016 PR

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Montserrat 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Morocco 2016 PR

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Mozambique 2014 PR

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Myanmar 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Namibia 2014 PR

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Nauru 2016 Other

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Nepal 2013 Mixed

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Netherlands 2017 PR

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Netherlands Antilles 2010 PR

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New Zealand 2017 Mixed

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Nicaragua 2016 PR

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Niger 2016 PR

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Nigeria 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Niue 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Norway 2017 PR

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Oman 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Pakistan 2013 Mixed

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Palau 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Panama 2014 PR

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Papua New Guinea 2012 Plurality/Majority

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Paraguay 2013 PR

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Peru 2016 PR

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Philippines 2016 Mixed

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Pitcairn Islands 2005 Other

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Poland 2015 PR

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Portugal 2015 PR

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Qatar 2012 In transition

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) 2017 Plurality/Majority

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Romania 2016 PR

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Russian Federation 2016 Mixed

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Rwanda 2013 PR

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Saint Helena 2005 Plurality/Majority

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Saint Kitts and Nevis 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Saint Lucia 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Saint Vincent and The Grenadines 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Samoa 2016 Plurality/Majority

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San Marino 2016 PR

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Sao Tome and Principe 2014 PR

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Saudi Arabia 2017 Not applicable

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Senegal 2017 Mixed

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Serbia 2016 PR

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Seychelles 2016 Mixed

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Sierra Leone 2012 Plurality/Majority

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Singapore 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Slovakia 2016 PR

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Slovenia 2014 PR

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Solomon Islands 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Somalia 2016 Not applicable

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South Africa 2014 PR

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South Sudan 2016 In transition

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Spain 2016 PR

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Sri Lanka 2015 PR

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State of Palestine 2006 Mixed

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Sudan 2015 Mixed

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Suriname 2015 PR

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Swaziland 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Sweden 2014 PR

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Switzerland 2015 PR

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Syrian Arab Republic 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Taiwan 2016 Mixed

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Tajikistan 2015 Mixed

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Tanzania, United Republic of 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Thailand 2014 Mixed

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Timor-Leste 2017 PR

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Togo 2013 PR

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Tokelau 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Tonga 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Trinidad and Tobago 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Tunisia 2014 PR

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Turkey 2015 PR

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Turkmenistan 2013 Plurality/Majority

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Turks and Caicos Islands 2012 Plurality/Majority

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Tuvalu 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Uganda 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Ukraine 2014 Mixed

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United Arab Emirates 2015 Other

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United Kingdom 2017 Plurality/Majority

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United States 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Uruguay 2014 PR

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Uzbekistan 2014 Plurality/Majority

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Vanuatu 2016 Other

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Venezuela 2015 Mixed

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Viet Nam 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Virgin Islands, British 2015 Plurality/Majority

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Yemen 2003 Plurality/Majority

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Zambia 2016 Plurality/Majority

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Zimbabwe 2013 Plurality/Majority

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