Electoral System Family

Change field

Breakdown by Continent

Continent Mixed Plurality/Majority PR Not applicable In transition Other Countries researched
Africa 8
(14.5%)
25
(45.5%)
17
(30.9%)
2
(3.6%)
1
(1.8%)
2
(3.6%)
55
Americas 3
(6.7%)
22
(48.9%)
20
(44.4%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
45
Asia 10
(20.8%)
21
(43.8%)
11
(22.9%)
3
(6.3%)
1
(2.1%)
2
(4.2%)
48
Europe 7
(13.7%)
6
(11.8%)
36
(70.6%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
51
Oceania 1
(5.6%)
13
(72.2%)
1
(5.6%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
3
(16.7%)
18
Total 29 87 85 6 2 8 217
Description: 
Electoral systems are divided into three broad families: plurality/majority systems, proportional systems (PR), and mixed systems. However, some electoral systems do not fit into any particular family. These are SNTV, LV, and BC.

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan Other

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Albania PR

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Algeria PR

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Andorra Mixed

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Angola PR

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Anguilla Plurality/Majority

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Antigua and Barbuda Plurality/Majority

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Argentina PR

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Armenia PR

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Aruba PR

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Australia Plurality/Majority

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Austria PR

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Azerbaijan Plurality/Majority

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Bahamas Plurality/Majority

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Bahrain Plurality/Majority

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Bangladesh Plurality/Majority

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Barbados Plurality/Majority

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Belarus Plurality/Majority

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Belgium PR

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Belize Plurality/Majority

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Benin PR

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Bermuda Plurality/Majority

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Bhutan Plurality/Majority

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Bolivia Mixed

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Bosnia and Herzegovina PR

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Botswana Plurality/Majority

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Brazil PR

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Brunei Darussalam Not applicable

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Bulgaria PR

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Burkina Faso PR

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Burundi PR

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Cambodia PR

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Cameroon Plurality/Majority

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Canada Plurality/Majority

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Cape Verde PR

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Cayman Islands Plurality/Majority

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Central African Republic Plurality/Majority

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Chad Plurality/Majority

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Chile PR

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China Not applicable

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Colombia PR

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Comoros Plurality/Majority

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Congo, Democratic Republic of Plurality/Majority and PR

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Cook Islands Plurality/Majority

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Costa Rica PR

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Cote d'Ivoire Plurality/Majority

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Croatia PR

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Cuba Plurality/Majority

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Cyprus PR

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Cyprus (North) PR

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Czech Republic PR

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Denmark PR

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Djibouti Mixed

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Dominica Plurality/Majority

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Dominican Republic PR

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Ecuador PR

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Egypt Plurality/Majority

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El Salvador PR

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Equatorial Guinea PR

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Eritrea Not applicable

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Estonia PR

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Ethiopia Plurality/Majority

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Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Plurality/Majority

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Fiji PR

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Finland PR

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France Plurality/Majority

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Gabon Plurality/Majority

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Gambia Plurality/Majority

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Georgia Mixed

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Germany Mixed

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Ghana Plurality/Majority

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Gibraltar Other

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Greece PR

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Greenland PR

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Grenada Plurality/Majority

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Guatemala PR

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Guernsey Plurality/Majority

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Guinea Mixed

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Guinea-Bissau PR

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Guyana PR

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Haiti Plurality/Majority

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Holy See (Vatican City State) Not applicable

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Honduras PR

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Hungary Mixed

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Iceland PR

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India Plurality/Majority

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Indonesia PR

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Iran, Islamic Republic of Plurality/Majority

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Iraq PR

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Ireland PR

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Isle of Man Plurality/Majority

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Israel PR

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Italy PR

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Jamaica Plurality/Majority

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Japan Mixed

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Jersey Plurality/Majority

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Jordan PR

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Kazakhstan PR

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Kenya Plurality/Majority

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Kiribati Plurality/Majority

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Korea, Dem. People's Republic of Plurality/Majority

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Korea, Republic of Mixed

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Kosovo PR

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Kuwait Plurality/Majority

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Kyrgyzstan PR

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Lao People's Dem. Republic Plurality/Majority

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Latvia PR

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Lebanon Plurality/Majority

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Lesotho Mixed

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Liberia Plurality/Majority

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Libya Mixed

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Liechtenstein PR

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Lithuania Mixed

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Luxembourg PR

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Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-) PR

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Madagascar Plurality/Majority and PR

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Malawi Plurality/Majority

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Malaysia Plurality/Majority

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Maldives Plurality/Majority

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Mali Plurality/Majority

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Malta PR

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Marshall Islands Plurality/Majority

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Mauritania Mixed

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Mauritius Plurality/Majority

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Mexico Mixed

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Micronesia, Federated States of Plurality/Majority

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Moldova, Republic of PR

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Monaco Mixed

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Mongolia Plurality/Majority

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Montenegro PR

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Montserrat Plurality/Majority

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Morocco PR

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Mozambique PR

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Myanmar Plurality/Majority

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Namibia PR

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Nauru Other

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Nepal Mixed

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Netherlands PR

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Netherlands Antilles PR

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New Zealand Mixed

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Nicaragua PR

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Niger PR

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Nigeria Plurality/Majority

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Niue Plurality/Majority

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Norway PR

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Oman Plurality/Majority

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Pakistan Mixed

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Palau Plurality/Majority

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Panama PR

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Papua New Guinea Plurality/Majority

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Paraguay PR

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Peru PR

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Philippines Mixed

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Pitcairn Islands Other

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Poland PR

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Portugal PR

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Qatar In transition

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) Plurality/Majority

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Romania PR

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Russian Federation Mixed

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Rwanda PR

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Saint Helena Plurality/Majority

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Saint Kitts and Nevis Plurality/Majority

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Saint Lucia Plurality/Majority

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Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Plurality/Majority

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Samoa Plurality/Majority

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San Marino PR

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Sao Tome and Principe PR

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Saudi Arabia Not applicable

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Senegal Mixed

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Serbia PR

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Seychelles Mixed

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Sierra Leone Plurality/Majority

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Singapore Plurality/Majority

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Slovakia PR

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Slovenia PR

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Solomon Islands Plurality/Majority

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Somalia Not applicable

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South Africa PR

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South Sudan In transition

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Spain PR

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Sri Lanka PR

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State of Palestine Mixed

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Sudan Mixed

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Suriname PR

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Swaziland Plurality/Majority

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Sweden PR

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Switzerland PR

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Syrian Arab Republic Plurality/Majority

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Taiwan Mixed

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Tajikistan Mixed

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Tanzania, United Republic of Plurality/Majority

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Thailand Mixed

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Timor-Leste PR

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Togo PR

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Tokelau Plurality/Majority

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Tonga Plurality/Majority

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Trinidad and Tobago Plurality/Majority

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Tunisia PR

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Turkey PR

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Turkmenistan Plurality/Majority

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Turks and Caicos Islands Plurality/Majority

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Tuvalu Plurality/Majority

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Uganda Plurality/Majority

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Ukraine Mixed

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United Arab Emirates Other

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United Kingdom Plurality/Majority

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United States Plurality/Majority

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Uruguay PR

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Uzbekistan Plurality/Majority

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Vanuatu Other

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Venezuela Mixed

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Viet Nam Plurality/Majority

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Virgin Islands, British Plurality/Majority

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Yemen Plurality/Majority

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Zambia Plurality/Majority

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Zimbabwe Plurality/Majority

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