Voting method

Change field

Breakdown by Continent

Continent Personal No external voting Postal Proxy e-voting Fax Not yet decided In transition No provisions for direct elections No data Other Countries researched
Africa 33
(60.0%)
14
(25.5%)
2
(3.6%)
8
(14.5%)
1
(1.8%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(1.8%)
1
(1.8%)
1
(1.8%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
55
Americas 18
(40.9%)
18
(40.9%)
6
(13.6%)
2
(4.5%)
3
(6.8%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.3%)
44
Asia 26
(54.2%)
11
(22.9%)
8
(16.7%)
1
(2.1%)
6
(12.5%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
4
(8.3%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.1%)
48
Europe 27
(52.9%)
4
(7.8%)
30
(58.8%)
7
(13.7%)
2
(3.9%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
51
Oceania 5
(27.8%)
7
(38.9%)
7
(38.9%)
3
(16.7%)
1
(5.6%)
1
(5.6%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(5.6%)
0
(0.0%)
18
Total 109 54 53 21 13 1 2 1 6 1 3 216
Description: 
Ways of voting from abroad, i.e. existing procedures for casting anexternal vote.

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan No external voting

view

Albania Not yet decided

view

Algeria Personal
Proxy

view

Andorra Postal

view

Angola Not yet decided

view

Anguilla No external voting

view

Antigua and Barbuda No external voting

view

Argentina Personal

view

Armenia e-voting

view

Aruba No external voting

view

Australia Personal
Postal

view

Austria Postal

view

Azerbaijan Personal

view

Bahamas Personal

view

Bahrain Personal
e-voting

view

Bangladesh Postal

view

Barbados Personal

view

Belarus Personal

view

Belgium Personal
Postal
Proxy

view

Belize Proxy

view

Benin Personal
Proxy

view

Bermuda No external voting

view

Bhutan Postal
e-voting

view

Bolivia Personal

view

Bosnia and Herzegovina Personal
Postal

view

Botswana Personal

view

Brazil Personal

view

Brunei Darussalam No provisions for direct elections

view

Bulgaria Personal

view

Burkina Faso Personal

view

Burundi Personal

view

Cabo Verde Personal

view

Cambodia No external voting

view

Cameroon Personal

view

Canada Postal

view

Cayman Islands Postal

view

Central African Republic Personal

view

Chad Personal

view

Chile Personal

view

China No provisions for direct elections

view

Colombia Personal

view

Comoros Personal

view

Congo, Democratic Republic of No external voting

view

Cook Islands Postal

view

Costa Rica Personal

view

Cote d'Ivoire Personal

view

Croatia Personal

view

Cuba No external voting

view

Cyprus Personal

view

Cyprus (North) No external voting

view

Czech Republic Personal

view

Denmark Personal
Postal

view

Djibouti Personal

view

Dominica No external voting

view

Dominican Republic Personal

view

Ecuador Personal

view

Egypt Personal
Postal

view

El Salvador Postal

view

Equatorial Guinea Personal

view

Eritrea In transition

view

Estonia Personal
Postal
e-voting

view

Eswatini No external voting

view

Ethiopia No external voting

view

Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Postal
Proxy

view

Fiji Postal

view

Finland Personal
Postal

view

France Personal
Proxy
e-voting

view

Gabon Personal
Proxy

view

Gambia No external voting

view

Georgia Personal

view

Germany Postal

view

Ghana Personal

view

Gibraltar Postal

view

Greece Personal

view

Grenada No external voting

view

Guatemala Personal

view

Guernsey Postal

view

Guinea Personal

view

Guinea-Bissau Personal

view

Guyana Personal

view

Haiti No external voting

view

Holy See (Vatican City State) No provisions for direct elections

view

Honduras Personal

view

Hungary Personal
Postal

view

Iceland Personal

view

India Postal
Proxy

view

Indonesia Personal
Postal

view

Iran, Islamic Republic of Personal

view

Iraq Personal

view

Ireland Postal

view

Isle of Man Postal
Proxy

view

Israel Personal

view

Italy Postal

view

Jamaica No external voting

view

Japan Personal
Postal

view

Jersey Postal

view

Jordan No external voting

view

Kazakhstan Personal

view

Kenya Personal

view

Kiribati No external voting

view

Korea, Dem. People's Republic of No external voting

view

Korea, Republic of Personal

view

Kosovo Postal

view

Kuwait No external voting

view

Kyrgyzstan Personal

view

Lao People's Dem. Republic Personal

view

Latvia Personal
Postal

view

Lebanon Personal

view

Lesotho Personal

view

Liberia No external voting

view

Libya Personal

view

Liechtenstein Postal

view

Lithuania Personal

view

Luxembourg Postal

view

Madagascar No external voting

view

Malawi No external voting

view

Malaysia Postal

view

Maldives Personal

view

Mali Personal
Proxy

view

Malta No external voting

view

Marshall Islands No external voting

view

Mauritania Personal

view

Mauritius Proxy

view

Mexico Postal
e-voting

view

Micronesia, Federated States of Personal
Postal

view

Moldova, Republic of Personal

view

Monaco Proxy

view

Mongolia Personal

view

Montenegro No external voting

view

Montserrat Not specifed

view

Morocco Proxy

view

Mozambique Personal

view

Myanmar Personal

view

Namibia e-voting

view

Nauru Proxy

view

Nepal No external voting

view

Netherlands Postal
Proxy

view

Netherlands Antilles No external voting

view

New Zealand Personal
Postal
e-voting
Fax

view

Nicaragua Personal

view

Niger Personal

view

Nigeria No external voting

view

Niue No external voting

view

North Macedonia, Republic of Personal

view

Norway Postal

view

Oman e-voting

view

Pakistan e-voting

view

Palau Personal
Postal

view

Panama Personal
e-voting

view

Papua New Guinea Postal

view

Paraguay Personal

view

Peru Personal

view

Philippines Personal
Postal

view

Pitcairn Islands Proxy

view

Poland Personal
Postal

view

Portugal Personal
Postal

view

Qatar No external voting

view

Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) Personal

view

Romania Personal
Postal

view

Russian Federation Personal

view

Rwanda Personal

view

Saint Helena Proxy

view

Saint Kitts and Nevis No external voting

view

Saint Lucia No external voting

view

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines No external voting

view

Samoa No external voting

view

San Marino No external voting

view

Sao Tome and Principe Personal

view

Saudi Arabia No provisions for direct elections

view

Senegal Personal

view

Serbia Personal

view

Seychelles No external voting

view

Sierra Leone No external voting

view

Singapore Personal

view

Slovakia Postal

view

Slovenia Personal
Postal

view

Solomon Islands No external voting

view

Somalia No provisions for direct elections

view

South Africa Personal

view

South Sudan No external voting

view

Spain Personal
Postal

view

Sri Lanka No external voting

view

State of Palestine No external voting

view

Sudan Personal

view

Suriname No external voting

view

Sweden Personal
Postal
Vote by messenger

view

Switzerland Postal
Proxy

view

Syrian Arab Republic Personal

view

Taiwan No external voting

view

Tajikistan Personal

view

Tanzania, United Republic of No external voting

view

Thailand Personal
Postal

view

Timor-Leste Personal

view

Togo Personal
Proxy

view

Tokelau No data

view

Tonga No external voting

view

Trinidad and Tobago No external voting

view

Tunisia Personal

view

Turkey Personal
e-voting
Voting at the borders

view

Turkmenistan Personal

view

Turks and Caicos Islands No external voting

view

Tuvalu No external voting

view

Uganda No external voting

view

Ukraine Personal

view

United Arab Emirates No provisions for direct elections

view

United Kingdom Postal
Proxy

view

United States Postal
e-voting

view

Uruguay No external voting

view

Uzbekistan Personal

view

Vanuatu Personal
Proxy

view

Venezuela Personal

view

Viet Nam No external voting

view

Virgin Islands, British No external voting

view

Yemen Personal

view

Zambia No external voting

view

Zimbabwe Postal

view

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.