Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?

Change field

Breakdown by Continent

Continent Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums) No, e-voting is not used currently Not specified No data Countries researched
Africa 2
(4.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
48
(96.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
50
Americas 7
(28.0%)
7
(28.0%)
1
(4.0%)
13
(52.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(4.0%)
25
Asia 11
(25.0%)
5
(11.4%)
1
(2.3%)
31
(70.5%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
44
Europe 6
(13.6%)
3
(6.8%)
1
(2.3%)
38
(86.4%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
44
Oceania 1
(6.7%)
1
(6.7%)
1
(6.7%)
12
(80.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
15
Total 27 16 4 142 0 1 178

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Albania Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Algeria No, e-voting is not used currently

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Andorra No, e-voting is not used currently

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Angola No, e-voting is not used currently

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Argentina Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Armenia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Australia Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Austria No, e-voting is not used currently

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Azerbaijan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bahrain No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bangladesh Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Belarus No, e-voting is not used currently

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Belgium Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Belize No, e-voting is not used currently

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Benin No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bhutan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Bolivia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bosnia and Herzegovina No, e-voting is not used currently

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Botswana No, e-voting is not used currently

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Brazil Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Bulgaria Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Burkina Faso No, e-voting is not used currently

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Burundi No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cambodia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cameroon No, e-voting is not used currently

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Canada Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Central African Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Chad No, e-voting is not used currently

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Chile No, e-voting is not used currently

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Colombia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Comoros No, e-voting is not used currently

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Congo, Democratic Republic of Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Cook Islands No, e-voting is not used currently

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Costa Rica No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cote d'Ivoire No, e-voting is not used currently

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Croatia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cuba No data

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Cyprus No, e-voting is not used currently

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Czech Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Denmark No, e-voting is not used currently

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Djibouti No, e-voting is not used currently

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Dominican Republic Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Ecuador Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Egypt No, e-voting is not used currently

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El Salvador No, e-voting is not used currently

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Equatorial Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Eritrea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Estonia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Eswatini No, e-voting is not used currently

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Ethiopia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Fiji Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Finland No, e-voting is not used currently

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France Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Gabon No, e-voting is not used currently

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Gambia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Georgia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Germany No, e-voting is not used currently

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Ghana No, e-voting is not used currently

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Greece No, e-voting is not used currently

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Guatemala No, e-voting is not used currently

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Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Haiti No, e-voting is not used currently

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Honduras Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Hong Kong No, e-voting is not used currently

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Hungary No, e-voting is not used currently

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Iceland No, e-voting is not used currently

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India Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Indonesia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Iran, Islamic Republic of Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Iraq Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Ireland No, e-voting is not used currently

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Israel No, e-voting is not used currently

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Italy No, e-voting is not used currently

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Jamaica No, e-voting is not used currently

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Japan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Jordan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kazakhstan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kenya No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kiribati No, e-voting is not used currently

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Korea, Republic of Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Kosovo No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kuwait No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kyrgyzstan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Lao People's Dem. Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Latvia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Lebanon No, e-voting is not used currently

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Lesotho No, e-voting is not used currently

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Liberia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Libya No, e-voting is not used currently

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Liechtenstein No, e-voting is not used currently

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Lithuania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Luxembourg No, e-voting is not used currently

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Madagascar No, e-voting is not used currently

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Malawi No, e-voting is not used currently

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Malaysia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Maldives No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mali No, e-voting is not used currently

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Malta No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mauritania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mauritius No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mexico Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Micronesia, Federated States of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Moldova, Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mongolia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Montenegro No, e-voting is not used currently

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Morocco No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mozambique No, e-voting is not used currently

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Myanmar No, e-voting is not used currently

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Namibia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Nauru No, e-voting is not used currently

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Nepal No, e-voting is not used currently

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Netherlands No, e-voting is not used currently

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New Zealand Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Nicaragua No, e-voting is not used currently

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Niger No, e-voting is not used currently

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Nigeria No, e-voting is not used currently

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Niue No, e-voting is not used currently

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North Macedonia, Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Norway No, e-voting is not used currently

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Oman Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Pakistan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Palau No, e-voting is not used currently

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Panama Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Papua New Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Paraguay No, e-voting is not used currently

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Peru Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Philippines Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Poland No, e-voting is not used currently

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Portugal No, e-voting is not used currently

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) No, e-voting is not used currently

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Romania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Russian Federation Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Rwanda No, e-voting is not used currently

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Samoa No, e-voting is not used currently

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San Marino No, e-voting is not used currently

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Senegal No, e-voting is not used currently

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Serbia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Seychelles No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sierra Leone No, e-voting is not used currently

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Singapore No, e-voting is not used currently

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Slovakia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Slovenia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Solomon Islands No, e-voting is not used currently

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South Africa No, e-voting is not used currently

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South Sudan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Spain No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sri Lanka No, e-voting is not used currently

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State of Palestine No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sudan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sweden No, e-voting is not used currently

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Switzerland No, e-voting is not used currently

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Syrian Arab Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Taiwan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tajikistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tanzania, United Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Thailand No, e-voting is not used currently

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Timor-Leste No, e-voting is not used currently

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Togo No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tonga No, e-voting is not used currently

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Trinidad and Tobago No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tunisia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Turkey No, e-voting is not used currently

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Turkmenistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tuvalu No, e-voting is not used currently

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Uganda No, e-voting is not used currently

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Ukraine No, e-voting is not used currently

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United Arab Emirates Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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United Kingdom No, e-voting is not used currently

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United States Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Uruguay No, e-voting is not used currently

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Uzbekistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Vanuatu No, e-voting is not used currently

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Venezuela Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Viet Nam No, e-voting is not used currently

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Yemen No, e-voting is not used currently

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Zambia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Zimbabwe No, e-voting is not used currently

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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.