Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?

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Breakdown by Continent

Continent Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums) No, e-voting is not used currently Not specified No data Other Countries researched
Africa 1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
49
(98.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
50
Americas 7
(28.0%)
6
(24.0%)
2
(8.0%)
12
(48.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(4.0%)
0
(0.0%)
25
Asia 8
(18.6%)
7
(16.3%)
1
(2.3%)
31
(72.1%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
43
Europe 6
(14.6%)
4
(9.8%)
1
(2.4%)
33
(80.5%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(4.9%)
41
Oceania 1
(12.5%)
1
(12.5%)
0
(0.0%)
4
(50.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(25.0%)
8
Total 23 18 4 129 0 1 4 167

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Albania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Algeria No, e-voting is not used currently

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Angola No, e-voting is not used currently

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Argentina Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Armenia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Australia Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Austria No, e-voting is not used currently

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Azerbaijan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bahrain No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bangladesh Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Belarus No, e-voting is not used currently

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Belgium Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Belize No, e-voting is not used currently

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Benin No, e-voting is not used currently

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Bhutan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Bolivia Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Bosnia and Herzegovina No, e-voting is not used currently

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Botswana No, e-voting is not used currently

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Brazil Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Bulgaria Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Burkina Faso No, e-voting is not used currently

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Burundi No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cambodia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cameroon No, e-voting is not used currently

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Canada Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Central African Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Chad No, e-voting is not used currently

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Chile No, e-voting is not used currently

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Colombia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Comoros No, e-voting is not used currently

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Congo, Democratic Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cook Islands No, e-voting is not used currently

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Costa Rica No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cote d'Ivoire No, e-voting is not used currently

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Croatia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Cuba No data

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Cyprus No, e-voting is not used currently

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Czech Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Denmark No, e-voting is not used currently

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Djibouti No, e-voting is not used currently

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Dominican Republic Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Ecuador Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Egypt No, e-voting is not used currently

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El Salvador No, e-voting is not used currently

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Equatorial Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Eritrea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Estonia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Ethiopia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Fiji No, e-voting is not used currently

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Finland No, e-voting is not used currently

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France Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Gabon No, e-voting is not used currently

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Gambia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Georgia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Germany No, e-voting is not used currently

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Ghana No, e-voting is not used currently

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Greece No, e-voting is not used currently

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Guatemala No, e-voting is not used currently

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Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Haiti No, e-voting is not used currently

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Honduras Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Hong Kong No, e-voting is not used currently

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Hungary No, e-voting is not used currently

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Iceland No, e-voting is not used currently

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India Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Indonesia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Iran, Islamic Republic of Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Iraq Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Ireland No, e-voting is not used currently

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Israel No, e-voting is not used currently

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Italy No, e-voting is not used currently

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Jamaica No, e-voting is not used currently

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Japan Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Jordan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kazakhstan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kenya No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kiribati No, e-voting is not used currently

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Korea, Republic of Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Kosovo No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kuwait No, e-voting is not used currently

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Kyrgyzstan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Lao People's Dem. Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Latvia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Lebanon No, e-voting is not used currently

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Lesotho No, e-voting is not used currently

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Liberia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Libya No, e-voting is not used currently

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Liechtenstein No

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Lithuania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-) No, e-voting is not used currently

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Madagascar No, e-voting is not used currently

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Malawi No, e-voting is not used currently

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Malaysia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Maldives No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mali No, e-voting is not used currently

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Malta No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mauritania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mauritius No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mexico Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Moldova, Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mongolia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Montenegro No

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Morocco No, e-voting is not used currently

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Mozambique No, e-voting is not used currently

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Myanmar No, e-voting is not used currently

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Namibia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Nauru No

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Nepal No, e-voting is not used currently

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Netherlands No, e-voting is not used currently

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New Zealand Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Nicaragua No, e-voting is not used currently

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Niger No, e-voting is not used currently

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Nigeria No, e-voting is not used currently

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Norway No, e-voting is not used currently

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Pakistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Palau No

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Panama Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Papua New Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently

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Paraguay No, e-voting is not used currently

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Peru Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Philippines Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Poland No, e-voting is not used currently

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Portugal No, e-voting is not used currently

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) No, e-voting is not used currently

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Romania No, e-voting is not used currently

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Russian Federation Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Rwanda No, e-voting is not used currently

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Senegal No, e-voting is not used currently

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Serbia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Seychelles No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sierra Leone No, e-voting is not used currently

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Singapore No, e-voting is not used currently

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Slovakia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Slovenia No, e-voting is not used currently

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South Africa No, e-voting is not used currently

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South Sudan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Spain No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sri Lanka No, e-voting is not used currently

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State of Palestine No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sudan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Swaziland No, e-voting is not used currently

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Sweden No, e-voting is not used currently

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Switzerland Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)

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Syrian Arab Republic No, e-voting is not used currently

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Taiwan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tajikistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tanzania, United Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently

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Thailand No, e-voting is not used currently

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Timor-Leste No, e-voting is not used currently

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Togo No, e-voting is not used currently

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Trinidad and Tobago No, e-voting is not used currently

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Tunisia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Turkey No, e-voting is not used currently

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Turkmenistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Uganda No, e-voting is not used currently

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Ukraine No, e-voting is not used currently

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United Arab Emirates Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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United Kingdom No, e-voting is not used currently

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United States Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)

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Uruguay No, e-voting is not used currently

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Uzbekistan No, e-voting is not used currently

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Venezuela Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)

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Viet Nam No, e-voting is not used currently

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Yemen No, e-voting is not used currently

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Zambia No, e-voting is not used currently

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Zimbabwe No, e-voting is not used currently

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