Election type

Change field

Breakdown by Continent

Continent No external voting Presidential Legislative Sub-national Referendums In transition No provisions for direct elections No data European Parliamentary elections Other Countries researched
Africa 13
(23.6%)
32
(58.2%)
28
(50.9%)
1
(1.8%)
19
(34.5%)
1
(1.8%)
1
(1.8%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
55
Americas 18
(40.9%)
18
(40.9%)
14
(31.8%)
2
(4.5%)
9
(20.5%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
4
(9.1%)
44
Asia 10
(20.8%)
18
(37.5%)
29
(60.4%)
4
(8.3%)
14
(29.2%)
0
(0.0%)
5
(10.4%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.1%)
48
Europe 5
(9.8%)
21
(41.2%)
44
(86.3%)
13
(25.5%)
26
(51.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
23
(45.1%)
4
(7.8%)
51
Oceania 6
(33.3%)
1
(5.6%)
11
(61.1%)
4
(22.2%)
7
(38.9%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(5.6%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
18
Total 52 90 126 24 75 1 7 1 23 9 216
Description: 
Type of an election for which voting from abroad is allowed.

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan No external voting

view

Albania No external voting

view

Algeria Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Andorra Legislative

view

Angola Legislative

view

Anguilla No external voting

view

Antigua and Barbuda No external voting

view

Argentina Presidential
Legislative

view

Armenia Legislative
Referendums

view

Aruba No external voting

view

Australia Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Austria Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Azerbaijan Presidential
Referendums

view

Bahamas Legislative

view

Bahrain Legislative
Referendums

view

Bangladesh Legislative

view

Barbados Legislative

view

Belarus Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Belgium Legislative
European Parliamentary elections

view

Belize Legislative
Referendums

view

Benin Presidential

view

Bermuda No external voting

view

Bhutan Legislative
Referendums

view

Bolivia Presidential
Referendums
Recall

view

Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national

view

Botswana Legislative

view

Brazil Presidential

view

Brunei Darussalam No provisions for direct elections

view

Bulgaria Presidential
Legislative
European Parliamentary elections

view

Burkina Faso No external voting

view

Burundi Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Cambodia No external voting

view

Cameroon Presidential
Referendums

view

Canada Legislative
Referendums

view

Cape Verde Presidential
Legislative

view

Cayman Islands Legislative

view

Central African Republic Presidential
Referendums

view

Chad Presidential
Referendums

view

Chile Presidential
Referendums

view

China No provisions for direct elections

view

Colombia Presidential
Legislative
Senate

view

Comoros Presidential
Referendums

view

Congo, Democratic Republic of Presidential

view

Cook Islands Legislative

view

Costa Rica Presidential
Referendums

view

Cote d'Ivoire Presidential

view

Croatia Presidential
Legislative
European Parliamentary elections

view

Cuba No external voting

view

Cyprus Presidential
Legislative
European Parliamentary elections

view

Cyprus (North) No external voting

view

Czech Republic Presidential
Legislative

view

Denmark Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Djibouti Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Dominica No external voting

view

Dominican Republic Presidential
Legislative

view

Ecuador Presidential
Legislative

view

Egypt Presidential
Referendums

view

El Salvador Presidential

view

Equatorial Guinea Presidential
Legislative

view

Eritrea In transition

view

Estonia Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Ethiopia No external voting

view

Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Legislative
Referendums

view

Fiji Legislative

view

Finland Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

France Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections
Some seats in the Senate

view

Gabon Presidential
Referendums

view

Gambia No external voting

view

Georgia Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Germany Legislative
European Parliamentary elections

view

Ghana Presidential
Legislative

view

Gibraltar Legislative

view

Greece European Parliamentary elections

view

Grenada No external voting

view

Guatemala Presidential

view

Guernsey Legislative

view

Guinea Presidential
Legislative

view

Guinea-Bissau Presidential
Legislative

view

Guyana Legislative

view

Haiti No external voting

view

Holy See (Vatican City State) No provisions for direct elections

view

Honduras Presidential

view

Hungary Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Iceland Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

India Legislative

view

Indonesia Presidential
Legislative

view

Iran, Islamic Republic of Presidential
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Iraq Legislative

view

Ireland Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Isle of Man Legislative
Sub-national

view

Israel Legislative

view

Italy Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections
Some seats in the Senate

view

Jamaica No external voting

view

Japan Legislative

view

Jersey Legislative

view

Jordan No external voting

view

Kazakhstan Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national

view

Kenya Presidential
Referendums

view

Kiribati No external voting

view

Korea, Dem. People's Republic of No external voting

view

Korea, Republic of Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Kosovo Legislative

view

Kuwait No external voting

view

Kyrgyzstan Presidential
Legislative

view

Lao People's Dem. Republic Legislative

view

Latvia Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Lebanon Legislative

view

Lesotho Legislative

view

Liberia No external voting

view

Libya Legislative

view

Liechtenstein Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Lithuania Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Luxembourg Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-) Presidential
Legislative

view

Madagascar No external voting

view

Malawi No external voting

view

Malaysia Legislative
Sub-national

view

Maldives Presidential
Legislative

view

Mali Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Malta No external voting

view

Marshall Islands Legislative
Referendums

view

Mauritania Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Mauritius Legislative

view

Mexico Presidential
Sub-national
Referendums
Senate

view

Micronesia, Federated States of Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Moldova, Republic of Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Monaco Legislative

view

Mongolia Presidential

view

Montenegro No external voting

view

Montserrat Legislative

view

Morocco Legislative

view

Mozambique Presidential
Legislative

view

Myanmar Legislative
Referendums

view

Namibia Presidential
Legislative

view

Nauru Legislative
Referendums

view

Nepal No external voting

view

Netherlands Legislative
European Parliamentary elections

view

Netherlands Antilles No external voting

view

New Zealand Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Nicaragua Presidential

view

Niger Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Nigeria No external voting

view

Niue No external voting

view

Norway Legislative
Sub-national

view

Oman Legislative

view

Pakistan Legislative
Sub-national

view

Palau Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Panama Presidential

view

Papua New Guinea Legislative

view

Paraguay Presidential
Senatorial
Mercosur

view

Peru Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Philippines Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
Senate

view

Pitcairn Islands Legislative

view

Poland Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections
The Senate

view

Portugal Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Qatar No provisions for direct elections

view

Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) Presidential
Legislative

view

Romania Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections
Senate

view

Russian Federation Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Rwanda Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Saint Helena Legislative

view

Saint Kitts and Nevis No external voting

view

Saint Lucia No external voting

view

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines No external voting

view

Samoa No external voting

view

San Marino No external voting

view

Sao Tome and Principe Presidential
Legislative

view

Saudi Arabia No provisions for direct elections

view

Senegal Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Serbia Presidential
Legislative

view

Seychelles No external voting

view

Sierra Leone No external voting

view

Singapore Presidential
Legislative

view

Slovakia Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Slovenia Presidential
Legislative
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Solomon Islands No external voting

view

Somalia No provisions for direct elections

view

South Africa Legislative

view

South Sudan Presidential
Referendums

view

Spain Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Sri Lanka No external voting

view

State of Palestine No external voting

view

Sudan Presidential
Referendums

view

Suriname No external voting

view

Swaziland No external voting

view

Sweden Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums
European Parliamentary elections

view

Switzerland Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Syrian Arab Republic Presidential
Legislative

view

Taiwan No external voting

view

Tajikistan Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Tanzania, United Republic of No external voting

view

Thailand Legislative

view

Timor-Leste Presidential
Legislative

view

Togo Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Tokelau No data

view

Tonga No external voting

view

Trinidad and Tobago No external voting

view

Tunisia Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Turkey Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Turkmenistan Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Turks and Caicos Islands No external voting

view

Tuvalu No external voting

view

Uganda No external voting

view

Ukraine Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

United Arab Emirates No provisions for direct elections

view

United Kingdom Legislative
Referendums

view

United States Presidential
Legislative
Sub-national
Referendums

view

Uruguay No external voting

view

Uzbekistan Presidential
Legislative
Referendums

view

Vanuatu Legislative
Referendums

view

Venezuela Presidential

view

Viet Nam No external voting

view

Virgin Islands, British No external voting

view

Yemen Presidential
Referendums

view

Zambia No external voting

view

Zimbabwe Presidential
Legislative

view

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