After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 political parties in Central and Eastern Europe were perceived negatively by the public. Indeed, mobilization against them even became a source of legitimacy for new civil movements.

In 1990, the Civic Forum, led by Václav Havel, won the first free election in Czechoslovakia using the slogan: ‘Parties are for party members, the Civic Forum is for everyone’. In Poland, meanwhile, 27 parties entered parliament after the first democratic elections, providing little hope of producing a stable government.

Written by four researchers from the Institute for Comparative Research at Masaryk University in Brno in the Czech Republic, this report analyses the party systems in Central and Eastern Europe, focusing on external regulation, internal functioning, women’s participation and the impact of different electoral systems on the development of the party system.

The report contains detailed information about the state of political parties in 18 countries: Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia and Slovenia.


Publication date
19 March 2007
Vera Stojarová, Jakub Šedo, Lubomír Kopecek, Roman Chytilek
Number of pages
978-91-85724-01-7 (Print)


About the project and methodology

Regional analysis: party system

External regulations

Internal functioning

Women’s political participation

Region-specific issues

Country profiles

Conclusions and way forward


List of parties/coalitions and abbreviations

Non-party abbreviations

Select bibliography

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Political Parties in Central and Eastern Europe: In Search of Consolidation

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