Designing for Equality

Best-fit, medium-fit and non-favourable combinations of electoral systems and gender quotas
4,758
This publication is only available in electronic format
Published: 
1 March 2007
Language: 
English
ISBN: 
978-91-85391-96-7 (Print)
Author(s): 
Stina Laserud, Rita Taphorn

Today, the average proportion of women members of parliaments stands at a mere 17.2 per cent. Only 19 countries in the world have achieved the goal of 30+ per cent women’s representation in national legislatures, a goal adopted by the Beijing Process in 1995.

Two important variables affect women’s political representation: the electoral system and the use of quotas for women. Combined in different ways, these variables have different results on women’s participation.

Designing for Equality provides an overview of how electoral systems function with different kinds of quotas for women. It assesses how women’s representation can be increased under different combinations of electoral systems and quotas. This publication aims to serve as a reference tool for all those who work to increase women’s representation in politics.

Contents

Introduction and background

What are electoral systems?

What are quotas?

Electoral system variables which impact on the representation of women

Combinations of electoral systems and quotas: the results

Other variables that impact on the representation of women

Conclusions and recommendations

Notes

Further reading

Glossary

Annex A. Electoral Systems of the World (Map)

Annex B. Overview of combinations of electoral system and quota types

Map of the Electoral System Design

Overview poster of Designing for Equality

Related Content

Jan
14
2020
The Swedish Diplomatic Training Programme visit to International IDEA Headquarters. Image credit: Lisa Hagman, International IDEA.

The Swedish Diplomatic Training Programme visit to International IDEA Headquarters. Image credit: Lisa Hagman, International IDEA.

News Article
Dec
11
2019
Image credit: Maryland GovPics@Flickr

Image credit: Maryland GovPics@Flickr 

Commentary
Dec
05
2019
Left to right: Miguel Ángel Lara Otaola, International IDEA; María Elena Wapenka, Electoral Tribunal of Paraguay; Alfredo Juncá, Electoral Tribunal of Panama; Daniel Zovatto, International IDEA ; Liliana Elósegui, Verificado; Rafael Rubio, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; Ramiro Álvarez Ugarte, Universidad de Palermo, Argentina. Image credit: International IDEA.

Left to right: Miguel Ángel Lara Otaola, International IDEA; María Elena Wapenka, Electoral Tribunal of Paraguay; Alfredo Juncá, Electoral Tribunal of Panama; Daniel Zovatto, International IDEA ; Liliana Elósegui, Verificado; Rafael Rubio, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; Ramiro Álvarez Ugarte, Universidad de Palermo, Argentina. Image credit: International IDEA.

Este artículo está disponible en Español 

News Article
Dec
03
2019
General Assembly Hall at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Image Credit: Amanda Sourek, International IDEA

General Assembly Hall at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Image Credit: Amanda Sourek, International IDEA

News Article